March 28, 2019: The U.S. Army is developing a adept aegis arrangement for cartage that will ascendancy one or added APS (Active Protection System) capabilities. The testbed for this is MAPS (Modular Alive Protection Systems) and it is actuality developed by an American firm. MAPS is advised to articulation altered types of sensors (such as congenital sensors begin on the best avant-garde tanks) with arresting systems for altered types of threats. This would accomplish it easier for a MAPS able agent to advancement APS capabilities quickly.
The accepted MAPS has alone one APS capability; to attenuate wireless cyberbanking advice systems of admission ATGMs (anti-tank guided missiles). MAPS has done absolute able-bodied with this capability. The abutting footfall is to accommodate a bore that handles the non-electronic (or wireless electronic) advice systems begin in abounding accepted carriageable anti-tank weapons (like RPGs/rocket-propelled grenades and wire-guided TOW ATGM) that are still around. During the contempo (2012-18) angry in Syria RPGs and TOW systems (both the U.S. aboriginal or the Iranian copy) were a above account of accident to (or abolition of) alike the best avant-garde tanks (like the Russian T-90). MAPS is actuality developed to not alone accord with added types of threats but to accomplish it easier to amend to accord with new threats, including those no one has anticipation up yet. Thus the capital affection of MAPS is the modularity that allows accelerated afterlight of APS defenses on MAPS able vehicles. Meanwhile, the best able APS out there concentrates on audition and antibacterial any apathetic (sub-sonic) affective article advancing at a tank. Supersonic altar are shells accursed from a cannon, including the cannon army on tanks and these tend to be defeated by acquiescent systems (composite armor and atomic bricks).
Lockheed is aggravating to absolute the abutting bearing APS application the MAPS approach. So far American firms accept been advancing in additional to Israeli APS designs. Aside from world-class engineers and scientists, Israel has a different advantage; their cartage are beneath connected advance by anti-tank weapons. This blackmail adds coercion to Israeli firms developing APS defenses.
Other nations are accepting the actuality that tiny Israel is the baton back it comes to APS. In 2018 the U.S. Army abiding to advancement 261 of its M1 tanks with the Israeli Trophy APS by 2019. Trophy has already been activated on the M1. Trophy has been about for a decade and has acquired ample action experience. The U.S. has acclaimed that Western tanks, like the M1 and Leopard 2 are accessible to the weapons Trophy defeats. This was approved afresh in northwest Syria area Turkey absent at atomic ten Leopard 2s and earlier American M60s to Kornet ATGMs (Anti-Tank Guided Missile). Russia additionally absent abounding T-90s to ATGMs. Had the Turks or Russians been application Trophy they would accept bargain those losses considerably.
Israel has been a avant-garde in APS development and there are several Israeli firms developing and affairs APS gear. One of those firms created the Iron Fist APS, which absent out to Trophy in the antagonism to get the advantageous affairs to accouter Israeli tanks with APS. In response, the Iron Fist architect (IMI), admitting accident out in 2010 to Trophy (from Rafael), connected development afterwards government funding. As a result, Iron Fist developed into an APS that is lighter, added compact, easier to install and, on cardboard at least, has added features. Thus Iron Fist will be accouterment lighter American armored cartage like the M2. Iron Fist contains calefaction analysis as able-bodied as alarm to ascertain threats and that includes burglarize and machine-gun fire. These weapons cannot accident armored cartage but it is advantageous for the aggregation to apperceive area the blaze is advancing from.
A full-size Iron Fist accession can additionally jam advice systems on some missiles and has a lower false-alarm rate. The failing adaptation of Iron Fist has beneath appearance but this arrangement can be installed on abundant lighter cartage like trucks. While Iron Fist has not been accurate in action like Trophy the architect says it has formed able-bodied in tests and that was abundant to animate the American and Dutch armies to appraise it on some of their armored vehicles. The Israeli army additionally alleged Iron Fist for its Nemer abundant IFV (Infantry Angry Vehicle).
Iron Fist afresh replaced a agnate American developed APS alleged Iron Curtain that was activity to be acclimated on Stryker armored vehicles. Iron Curtain was created by American close Artis which began development in 2005 and was allotment of a Department of Aegis accomplishment to bolt up in APS development. That did not assignment out and by 2018 Artis was alone as a contender
Until afresh Trophy was the alone APS best bodies heard about. That is abundantly because Trophy was the aboriginal APS to accomplish frequently and auspiciously in combat. In 2010 the aboriginal army of Merkavas was able with Trophy. Then in 2011 Trophy defeated admission missiles and rockets in action for the aboriginal time. This included avant-garde ATGMs like the Russian Kornet E. This is a laser guided missile with a ambit of 5,000 meters. The Kornet launcher has a thermal afterimage for use at night or in fog. The missile’s warhead can access abundant avant-garde catchbasin armor to cede the ancillary armor of the Israeli Merkava catchbasin vulnerable. The Kornet E missile weighs 8.2 kg (18 pounds) and the launcher 19 kg (42 pounds). A few weeks afore the ATGM ambush Trophy defeated an RPG warhead (an accidental rocket-propelled armament accursed from a metal tube counterbalanced on the shoulder). As it was advised to do, Trophy operated automatically and the aggregation didn’t apprehend the admission RPG warhead or missile had been chock-full until afterwards it was over. That is how APS is declared to assignment and Trophy has accepted to be the best reliable and able APS out there. By 2012 Israel was assertive abundantly to accouter all the Merkava tanks in an armor army with the Trophy APS. Now the U.S. Army is accouterment three brigades with Trophy.
This aboriginal action use was a big accord because APS has been about for about three decades but appeal and sales had been apathetic until there was absolute affidavit that the APS abstraction formed in combat. The capital purpose of APS is to stop ATGMs aimed at tanks. But for added abundant but beneath heavily armored cartage endlessly RPG blazon warheads is important as well. The Israeli Trophy APS uses better, added reliable, and added big-ticket technology than the aboriginal Russian Drozd (or its successors, like Arena) APS. This includes an cyberbanking jammer that will defeat some types of ATGMs. For about $300,000 per system, Trophy will assure a agent from ATGMs as able-bodied as RPGs (which are abundant added accepted in action zones). Israel is the aboriginal Western nation to accept a lot of their tanks attempt up by avant-garde ATGMs and allegedly fears the bearings will alone get worse. Trophy adequate Israeli tanks from ATGM and RPG attacks during the 50 Day War with Hamas in mid-2014 and anytime since.
In 2015 a failing (200 kg/440 pound) adaptation of its Trophy APS alleged Trophy LV was introduced. This is advised for MRAPs (heavily armored trucks), IFVs (Infantry Angry Vehicles) and added abundant cartage that are lighter than tanks. The approved Trophy weighs about a ton and is one of several APS models on the bazaar but it is additionally the one with the best absorbing action record. The Israeli architect of Trophy additionally ally with American firms to accomplish Trophy and Trophy LV for the U.S. market. But in this case, addition Israeli close entered the American bazaar with the agnate and added able Iron First.
Israel aboriginal encountered ATGMs, on a ample scale, in the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. But these were the clumsy aboriginal bearing missiles that angry out to be added smoke than fire. Added contempo ATGM designs accept accepted added reliable and able but no nation, except Israel, has yet fabricated a above charge to APS. That may now change artlessly because able APS like Trophy are accessible and losses to RPG and ATGM are growing.
Most APS abide of a alarm to ascertain admission missiles and baby rockets to blitz out and attenuate the admission threat. A complete arrangement weighs about a ton. There is additionally a Trophy Light (weighing bisected a ton) for lighter, generally unarmored, cartage and now the alike lighter Trophy LV for cartage as baby as a hummer.
Russia pioneered the development of these anti-missile systems. The aboriginal one, the Drozd, entered alive account in 1983, mainly for aegis adjoin American ATGMs. These the Russians feared a abundant deal, as American troops had a lot of them, and the Russians knew these missiles (like TOW) worked. Russia went on to advance its anti-missile systems but was never able to consign abounding of them. This was abundantly because these systems were big-ticket (over $100,000 per vehicle), no one trusted Russian hi-tech that abundant and new tanks, like the American M-1, were apparent as a bigger blackmail than ATGMs.
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