How safe and able are 2nd booster shots? Are there ancillary furnishings to accepting a 4th dosage of vaccine?
A 2nd booster attempt (or the 4th all-embracing dose) of the Moderna or Pfizer/BioNTech mRNA vaccines appeared to be safe and gave a “substantial” accession to amnesty aback accustomed about 7 months afterwards the 1st booster (or the 3rd all-embracing dose), according to a new abstraction arise May 9.
“Fourth-dose Covid-19 mRNA booster vaccines are able-bodied acceptable and accession cellular and humoral immunity,” UK scientists wrote in the abstraction arise in The Lancet.
“Peak responses afterwards the fourth dosage were agnate to, and possibly bigger than, aiguille responses afterwards the third dose.”
The advisers gave abstraction participants a bisected dosage of the Moderna vaccine or a abounding dosage of the Pfizer vaccine in a accidental alternative in January, about 7 months afterwards they accustomed their aboriginal booster. The 2nd booster didn’t accept to accept any aloft ancillary effects. The bigger complaints were arm affliction and fatigue.
The added booster additionally generated an accustomed acknowledgment at day 14 that was academy than that at day 28 afterwards the 3rd dosage of the Pfizer or Moderna Covid-19 vaccine.
Moderna’s fourth dosage seemed to do hardly bigger than Pfizer’s, but it’s cryptic why. Scientists said 4th doses of either vaccine generated what scientists alleged a “significant bend change” in accurate antibodies and additionally added T-cells.
Antibodies are a aboriginal band of accustomed aegis that can stop a virus from infecting cells. T-cells arise in afterwards and abort adulterated cells. T-cells can’t assure adjoin balmy infections, but they can accumulate infections from advanced to astringent disease.
The advisers additionally begin that some bodies who had academy levels of antibodies afore their 4th doses of vaccine had abandoned “limited” boosting. Those with a history of Covid-19 had a agnate bound response. The authors say this suggests there may be a beam or best acknowledgment that can arise with a 4th vaccine dose.
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Is it time to get accession booster shot? Who can get a 4th dosage of vaccine now?
The US Aliment and Drug Administering has accustomed added booster shots of the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines for adults age 50 and older.
Even advantageous adults ages 50 and up can get the added dosage as aboriginal as 4 months afterwards their 1st booster dosage of any Covid-19 vaccine. The US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage has accustomed acquiescent advancement for those added boosters, acceptation Americans in that age accumulation can get the added attempt if they appetite one. But it’s not an official recommendation.
As for the draft of the accepted public, it’s accessible a 4th dosage adeptness be recommended for advantageous Americans branch into the fall, said Dr. Peter Marks, administrator of the FDA’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research. But he said there’s still abundant ambiguity as to how the communicable may added evolve.
A abatement timeline could be acceptable for bodies who appetite to get their flu shots at the aforementioned time. And respiratory bacilli such as coronavirus and affliction tend to aiguille in the colder months.
Since October, the FDA has accustomed Americans ages 12 and up who are acutely immune-deficient to get 4 doses of the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccines. Now, these immunocompromised bodies can get a complete of 5 doses.
According to the CDC, bodies are brash moderately or acutely immunocompromised if they have:
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Can I use an comatose calm accelerated antigen test? Why did the cessation dates for some calm tests change?
The acumen calm antigen tests expire is because Covid-19 assay apparatus “may degrade, or breach down, over time,” the US Aliment and Drug Administering says.
“Because of this, comatose assay kits could accord inaccurate assay results.”
But the cessation dates for some calm Covid-19 tests accept been extended. That’s because aback calm antigen tests aboriginal hit the market, manufacturers abandoned had several months of abstracts as to how continued the tests would assignment effectively.
“When the tests were aboriginal accustomed the blooming light, aback they were accustomed by the Aliment and Drug Administration, one of the things that the FDA asked the assay developers to do is say, ‘OK, if I accept the assay at home and I accept them on the shelf or on my bookshelf, for how continued will they still be accurate?’” said Dr. William Schaffner, a abettor of communicable diseases at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
“Of course, in the alpha aback the tests were aboriginal developed, the manufacturers waited let’s say 3 months or 6 months, and afresh they went to the Aliment and Drug Administering and said, ‘Here is the data,’” Schaffner said.
“Once the assay architect has added adherence testing results, such as 12 or 18 months, the assay architect can acquaintance the FDA to appeal that the FDA accredit a best cessation date. Aback a best cessation date is authorized, the assay architect may accelerate a apprehension to barter to accommodate the new accustomed cessation date, so the barter apperceive how continued they can use the tests they already have.”
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When will babies and toddlers be able to get vaccinated adjoin Covid-19?
Children beneath age 5 adeptness be able to alpha accepting vaccinated as aboriginal as June — if the US Aliment and Drug Administering gives allotment and if the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage gives its recommendation.
On April 28, Moderna arise it’s gluttonous emergency use allotment for its Covid-19 vaccine for accouchement ages 6 months through 5 years.
If the FDA gives authorization, the Moderna vaccine adeptness become the aboriginal to be accessible for accouchement beneath age 5.
In backward March, Moderna arise after-effects of a analytic balloon that included 2,500 accouchement ages 6 months to 24 months and 4,200 accouchement ages 2 through 5 years. The aggregation said two 25-microgram doses of its vaccine led to a agnate accustomed acknowledgment in adolescent accouchement as two 100-microgram doses for adults ages 18 to 25.
The aggregation said the abstracts showed “a able-bodied acrid antibacterial response.”
“We like to see annihilation aloft 1,000 units, and what we, in fact, saw actuality are levels about amid 1,400 and 1,800 units,” Moderna Arch Medical Administrator Dr. Paul Burton told CNN. “So that’s acutely reassuring.”
Burton additionally said the vaccines were absolute safe for this age group. The best accepted reactions were affliction at the bang armpit and fever. There were no cases of affection inflammation, or myocarditis, in the study. Affection deepening has been an acutely attenuate ancillary aftereffect of the mRNA vaccines — but myocarditis is actually accepted afterwards Covid-19 infection rather than afterwards vaccination.
The latest abstracts from Moderna suggests its vaccine is 51% able at preventing affection in accouchement ages 6 months to 24 months and 37% able at preventing affection in kids ages 2 through 5.
“The adeptness in preventing infections may complete modest, but it is actually in the ambit of what was credible in adults for the omicron variant,” said Dr. Bill Muller, accessory abettor of pediatrics at Northwestern University’s Feinberg Academy of Medicine.
Muller leads the analytic balloon of Moderna’s Covid-19 vaccine for accouchement beneath 12 at the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago.
“I anticipate it is annual reminding bodies that the absorbed of the vaccines is blockage of astringent ache – we are aggravating to accumulate bodies from accepting so ailing that they charge to be in the hospital or advance to defective ICU-level care. Blockage of adapted affliction is a absolute aerial bar to satisfy, and the adeptness to authenticate this in these adolescent accouchement is an important finding,” Muller said.
“We should bethink that the allowances of the vaccine acceptable go aloft what we are studying: In accession to abbreviating the accident of astringent ache essentially and of adapted ache modestly, there are acceptable allowances in abbreviating advance of the virus aural the association and aural families, and any blockage of advance will additionally aftereffect in accouchement actuality able to breach in academy and day affliction – which appropriately bureau their parents aren’t scrambling for adolescent affliction or missing assignment themselves.”
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Is the communicable over yet?
Many Americans were abashed aback Dr. Anthony Fauci told PBS that the US was “out of the communicable phase” — but told CNN the abutting day that the communicable was not over.
“We don’t accept 900,000 new infections a day and tens and tens and tens of bags of hospitalizations and bags of deaths,” the administrator of the Civic Institute of Allergy and Communicable Diseases told PBS on April 26. “We are at a low akin adapted now. So if you’re saying, ‘Are we out of the communicable appearance in this country?’ We are.”
On April 27, Fauci told CNN the US is still grappling with a communicable — abnormally as new Covid-19 cases and hospitalizations accept started bit-by-bit up again.
“We’re not over the pandemic. Don’t let anybody get the baloney that the communicable is over,” Fauci told CNN. “But what we are in is a altered appearance of the communicable — a appearance that’s a alteration phase, hopefully headed adjoin added of a ascendancy breadth you can actually get aback to some anatomy of advance afterwards complete disruption of society, economically, socially, school-wise, etc.”
Fauci said while coronavirus apparently won’t be eradicated, the akin of virus in association could be kept absolute low if bodies are intermittently vaccinated, possibly every year.
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What do we apperceive about how able-bodied vaccines assignment in school-age children?
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How continued does amnesty afterwards a booster attempt last? Am I still able adjoin Omicron?
For bodies who are up to date on their Covid-19 vaccines and boosters, aegis adjoin affliction from the Omicron alternative drops off several months afterwards the aftermost dosage – but aegis adjoin assay and afterlife charcoal high, advisers accept found.
When it comes to the Omicron variant, an April 20 presentation from the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage shows that afterwards 2 to 4 months:
But bodies with accustomed accustomed functions still had about 86% aegis adjoin assay 3 months afterwards a booster attempt — admitting aegis amid immunocompromised bodies waned added quickly.
When it comes to aegis adjoin hospitalization, “We saw no affirmation of crumbling but in the immunocompromised,” said Sara Tartof, an epidemiologist for Kaiser Permanente in Southern California.
“In the immunocompromised, vaccine capability basically starts low and gets lower.”
Vaccine assay & blockage work/life ancestors biking variants
I’m confused: Do I still accept to abrasion a affectation on planes or added accessible transportation?
Travel work/life belief & misinformation schools/education assay & prevention
How able am I from Covid-19 if I abrasion a affectation in accessible places but others about me don’t?
While face masks action the best aegis adjoin the advance of virus-carrying particles in the air aback anybody wears them, masks can assure the wearer alone, assay suggests, by acting as a barrier amid particles and their adenoids and mouth.
One-way appearance — aback one actuality is masked and others are not — depends mainly on two factors: how able-bodied your affectation fits and how finer the affectation absolute filters out particles that can backpack viruses, said Chris Cappa, a abettor of civilian and ecology engineering at the University of California, Davis who studies aerosol particles and masks.
Masks like N95s and KN95s will about be added accurate than surgical masks or bolt masks because they can accomplish a tighter allowance adjoin your face, he told CNN. So, “a well-fit N95 can abate the bulk of potentially communicable particles that you drag by added than a bureau of 20 times,” Cappa said.
In accession to acerbic a high-quality, well-fitting mask, demography accomplish including accepting vaccinated, testing yourself for Covid-19 and authoritative abiding spaces you’re in are aerial can accomplish it safe for bodies — alike those at academy accident for added astringent affliction — to travel, said Dr. Preeti Malani, arch bloom administrator in the Division of Communicable Diseases at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.
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What is BA.2? Is it added catching than Omicron? If it’s overextension rapidly, why aren’t Covid-19 numbers soaring?
BA.2 is a aftereffect of the aboriginal Omicron alternative (BA.1). Alike admitting it’s a subvariant, BA.2 has added than 40 gene changes that are altered from Omicron. Some scientists accept it’s altered abundant from the aboriginal Omicron to accreditation its own name.
BA.2 is now the ascendant annual of Covid-19 in the US — overtaking the aboriginal Omicron variant, which surpassed the Delta variant.
As for whether BA.2 is added contagious, “Early affirmation from bound studies suggests BA.2 is added catching as compared to BA.1,” the Apple Bloom Organization said in February. For example, the WHO said estimates of advance ante in Denmark “indicate that BA.2 is 30% added catching than BA.1.”
In accession to appearing added contagious, BA.2 adeptness additionally annual added astringent ache than the aboriginal adaptation of Omicron, lab assay from Japan suggests. The album abstraction was acquaint on the bioRXIV server.
The abstraction begin that BA.2 can archetype itself in beef added bound than the aboriginal Omicron. And aback advisers adulterated hamsters with BA.2 and BA.1, the animals adulterated with BA.2 got sicker and had worse lung function. In tissues samples, the lungs of BA.2-infected hamsters had added accident than those adulterated by BA.1.
But real-world abstracts on BA.2 severity has been mixed. Hospitalizations accept beneath in some countries with BA.2, such as South Africa and the UK. Denmark saw an admission in Covid-19 hospitalizations and deaths afterwards BA.2 became ascendant there — admitting that may be because added bodies were adulterated with BA.2.
“An assay conducted in Denmark showed no aberration in accident of hospitalisation amid those adulterated with BA.2 and those adulterated with BA.1, although as BA.2 has become the ascendant variant, there has been a contempo acceleration in the cardinal of hospitalisations and deaths in the country,” a WHO address said.
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Do vaccines or monoclonal antibacterial treatments assignment adjoin the BA.2 virus?
Variants vaccine assay & prevention
Which vaccine gives the best aegis adjoin advance infections?
A contempo CNN assay of abstracts from the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage showed the Johnson & Johnson vaccine had the everyman advance infection bulk during a 5-week bulk starting in backward December.
In January, during the Omicron surge, advance infections were accomplished amid those who accustomed the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine, followed by bodies who got the Moderna vaccine. Those vaccinated with the Johnson & Johnson attempt had the everyman accident of advance infections.
But any vaccine is bigger than no vaccine at all. During the Delta and Omicron surges, unvaccinated bodies were added than alert as acceptable to get adulterated compared to those who got Pfizer or Moderna shots. And the allowance of accepting Covid-19 were added than 3 times academy for unvaccinated bodies compared to those who got the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
A abstraction arise March 17 in the medical annual JAMA Arrangement Accessible begin the Johnson & Johnson vaccine was 76% able in preventing Covid-19 infections and 81% able in preventing Covid-related hospitalizations afore and during the Delta surge. The abstraction additionally showed the J&J vaccine provided abiding amnesty at atomic 6 months afterwards vaccination.
So while studies accept credible the Pfizer and Moderna mRNA vaccines alert a able accustomed response, it can abate over time. Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine adeptness not atom as able of an accustomed acknowledgment anon afterwards vaccination, but it’s accepted to accept greater durability.
“Over time, the adeptness of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines goes down, the adeptness of the J&J vaccines charcoal stable,” said Dr. Dan Barouch, administrator of the Center for Virology and Vaccine Assay at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.
But far added Americans accept accustomed the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines than the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
In December, the CDC recommended the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines over the Johnson & Johnson attempt due to abstracts suggesting a attenuate claret array affection alleged TTS is added accepted amid some bodies who got a J&J vaccine – decidedly women ages 30 to 49.
Vaccine variants manual belief & misinformation work/life biking family
Do we still charge to abrasion masks in public? Aback and breadth do I still charge to affectation up indoors?
The answers abundantly depend on breadth you animate and your bloom status, according to adapted admonition from the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Prevention.
Previously, calm appearance was recommended for those animate in areas with “high” or “substantial” manual of Covid-19. That meant best Americans lived in counties breadth calm appearance was recommended.
But on February 25, the CDC arise a new set of metrics alleged COVID-19 Association Levels. “CDC recommends application canton COVID-19 Association Levels to admonition actuate which COVID-19 blockage measures to use for individuals and communities,” the bureau said.
The metrics include:
The CDC uses those metrics to characterization communities as high, boilerplate or low. You can see what class your canton avalanche beneath here.
In areas with “high” levels, the CDC advises acerbic a affectation in accessible calm settings – including schools. In areas with “medium” levels, the CDC advises talking with your doctor about acerbic a affectation if you’re at added accident for Covid-19. In areas with “low” Covid-19 association levels, there is no advancement for affectation wearing.
But the guidelines are not rules, and there may be places breadth masks are still required. And there may be times aback added assurance measures are needed, the CDC said.
“Recommendations based on COVID-19 Association Levels may not administer to healthcare settings such as hospitals or abiding affliction facilities,” the CDC said.
“Some association settings such as schools and some high-risk besiege settings such as correctional accessories and abandoned shelters adeptness accommodate added layers of prevention.”
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Will there be a Covid-19 vaccine that covers all coronavirus variants?
Scientists are aggravating to advance a universal, “pan-coronavirus” vaccine – one that offers aegis adjoin any blazon of coronavirus, including variants that annual Covid-19.
But such vaccines are “going to booty years to develop,” said Dr. Anthony Fauci, administrator of the Civic Institute of Allergy and Communicable Diseases.
There are seven accepted animal coronaviruses: four that annual accepted colds; Average East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS; astringent astute respiratory syndrome, or SARS; and SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes Covid-19.
“However, aback September of 2020, there accept been bristles SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and now the accepted Omicron,” Fauci said January 26.
“I don’t appetite anyone to anticipate that pan-coronavirus vaccines are actually about the bend in a ages or two. It’s activity to booty years to advance in an incremental fashion. Some of these are already in Appearance 1 analytic trials,” Fauci said.
“Don’t forget, however, that our accepted vaccine regimens do accommodate able aegis – decidedly aback acclimated with a booster – adjoin astringent coronavirus ache and death,” he said. “So do not adjournment to accept your primary vaccine dieting and amuse get your booster if you are eligible.”
Vaccine variants assay & prevention
Do monoclonal antibacterial treatments assignment adjoin Omicron? Are there added therapies that assignment adjoin the Omicron variant?
The US Aliment and Drug Administering has bound the use of assertive monoclonal antibacterial treatments for Covid-19 because “data appearance these treatments are awful absurd to be animate adjoin the omicron variant,” the FDA said.
Those monoclonal antibacterial treatments accommodate Eli Lilly’s bamlanivimab added etesevimab and Regeneron’s casirivimab added imdevimab.
The FDA has absitively to complete the use of these treatments for “only aback the accommodating is acceptable to accept been adulterated with or credible to a alternative that is affected to these treatments.”
“Based on Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage data, the omicron alternative of SARS-CoV-2 is estimated to annual for added than 99% of cases in the United States as of Jan. 15. Therefore, it’s awful absurd that COVID-19 patients gluttonous affliction in the U.S. at this time are adulterated with a alternative added than omicron, and these treatments are not accustomed to be acclimated at this time,” Dr. Patrizia Cavazzoni, administrator of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, said in a January 24 statement.
“This avoids advertisement patients to ancillary effects, such as bang armpit reactions or allergic reactions, which can be potentially serious, from specific assay agents that are not accepted to accommodate account to patients who accept been adulterated with or credible to the omicron variant.”
Earlier in January, the Civic Institutes of Bloom adapted its assay guidelines to no best acclaim those two treatments.
In December, the FDA said sotrovimab was the abandoned monoclonal antibacterial assay that remained able adjoin the new Omicron variant.
However, “there are several added therapies – Paxlovid, sotrovimab, Veklury (remdesivir), and molnupiravir – that are accepted to assignment adjoin the omicron variant, and that are accustomed or accustomed to amusement patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 who are at aerial accident for progression to astringent disease, including assay or death,” the FDA’s account said.
Treatment & blockage variants belief & misinformation
If I can’t get a Covid-19 assay adapted now, how can I acquaint if I accept Covid-19 or flu symptoms?
“Both COVID-19 and flu can accept capricious degrees of symptoms, alignment from no affection (asymptomatic) to astringent symptoms,” the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage says.
But the outcomes can be different. “In general, COVID-19 seems to advance added calmly than flu and causes added austere illnesses in some people,” the CDC says. “Compared with bodies who accept flu infections, bodies who accept COVID-19 can booty best to appearance affection and be catching for longer.”
Covid-19 and the flu can accept agnate symptoms, such as:
But clashing the flu, Covid-19 can advance to continued Covid — with affection weeks or months afterwards a coronavirus infection.
“Long COVID can arise to anyone who has had COVID-19, alike if their affliction was mild, or if they had no symptoms,” the CDC says.
If you anticipate you adeptness accept Covid-19 affection but can’t get tested, doctors say it’s best to accept you accept Covid-19 and breach home.
“While the virus that causes COVID-19 and flu bacilli are anticipation to advance in agnate ways, the virus that causes COVID-19 is about added catching than flu viruses,” the CDC says.
“Also, COVID-19 has been empiric to accept added superspreading contest than flu. This bureau the virus that causes COVID-19 can bound and calmly advance to a lot of bodies and aftereffect in around-the-clock overextension amid bodies as time progresses.”
It’s additionally accessible to accept Covid-19 and the flu at the aforementioned time. Here’s what that could do to your body.
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Why can’t some bodies get an bureau displace unless they’ve been vaccinated? Is this a way to corruption bodies who are unvaccinated?
Some bureau displace centers crave patients to be vaccinated adjoin Covid-19 afore accepting a transplant. But it’s not about backbreaking the unvaccinated; it’s about aggravating to aerate the allowance of survival.
Organ displace recipients accept an added accident of astringent Covid-19 if they become infected. Patients with bureau transplants accept their accustomed systems artificially suppressed during accretion to anticipate their bodies from abnegation the new organ. That bureau able anesthetic is abnormally important for bureau displace patients.
“We acerb acclaim that all acceptable accouchement and developed displace candidates and recipients be vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine that is accustomed or accustomed in their jurisdiction,” said a collective account from the American Association of Displace Surgeons, the American Association of Transplantation, and The International Association for Affection & Lung Transplantation.
“We abutment the development of institutional behavior apropos pre-transplant vaccination. We accept that this is in the best absorption of the displace candidate, optimizing their affairs of accepting through the perioperative and post-transplant periods afterwards astringent COVID-19 disease, abnormally at times of greater infection prevalence.”
Myths & misinformation vaccine family
How able-bodied do accepted booster shots of vaccine assignment adjoin the Omicron variant? Do I actually charge a booster attempt if I’ve been actually vaccinated?
People who are added accept added aegis adjoin Covid-19 affliction and alike infection compared to bodies who are accomplished due for a booster attempt — and decidedly added aegis than those who haven’t been vaccinated at all, contempo studies suggest.
In December 2021, aback the Omicron alternative became ascendant in the US, abstracts from 25 accompaniment and bounded bloom departments arise a account boilerplate of 148.6 Covid-19 cases per 100,000 bodies who had been actually vaccinated and boosted, according to a abstraction arise by the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Prevention.
Among those who had been actually vaccinated but not yet boosted, the boilerplate account bulk jumped to 254.8 cases per 100,000.
And for those who had not been vaccinated at all, the bulk of infection was decidedly academy — 725.6 cases per 100,000.
Another abstraction showed booster shots helped anticipate bodies from acceptable ailing with Omicron.
An assay of about 13,000 US Omicron cases begin that the allowance of developing a adapted infection were 66% lower for bodies who had accustomed 3 doses of an mRNA vaccine compared to those who had accustomed abandoned 2 shots, according to a abstraction arise in the medical annual JAMA. The gap was alike greater amid bodies who had been added and those who hadn’t gotten a distinct dosage of vaccine.
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How can I get a chargeless Covid-19 test?
Treatment & blockage ancestors manual variants biking work/life
How can I get chargeless face masks?
Work/life assay & blockage manual schools/education variants
Are bolt masks any acceptable anymore? With the added catching Omicron variant, should I be acerbic a bolt mask, surgical mask, KN95 or N95?
The US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage afresh adapted its affectation guidelines, advising bodies “wear the best accurate affectation you can that fits able-bodied and that you will abrasion consistently.”
“Loosely alloyed bolt articles accommodate the atomic protection, layered cautiously alloyed articles action added protection, well-fitting disposable surgical masks and KN95s action alike added protection, and well-fitting (National Institute for Occupational Assurance and Health)-approved respirators (including N95s) action the accomplished akin of protection,” the CDC says.
The adapted guidance, issued January 14, came afterwards weeks of accessible agitation about whether bolt masks should be ditched in favor of added able masks due to the awful catching Omicron variant.
“Cloth masks are little added than facial decorations. There’s no abode for them in ablaze of Omicron,” CNN medical analyst and emergency physician Dr. Leana Wen said in December.
“We charge to be acerbic at atomic a 3-ply surgical mask,” she said, such as the ones about awash in drugstores and accept an adjustable adenoids wire. “You can abrasion a bolt affectation on top of that, but do not aloof abrasion a bolt affectation alone.”
Ideally, in awash places, “you should be acerbic a KN95 or N95 mask,” Wen said. They accommodate abstracts such as polypropylene fibers that act as both automated and electrostatic barriers to admonition anticipate the advance of tiny particles.
When accession is speaking, acerbic a face affectation can carve the ambit that aerosol and aerosols biking by bisected (or more, depending on the blazon of mask), a contempo abstraction arise in The Annual of Communicable Diseases suggests.
Without face masks, aerosol and aerosols catholic up to about 4 all-overs aback accession was speaking, advisers at the University of Axial Florida in Orlando found.
Single-layer bolt masks bargain that best ambit to about 2 feet. And 3-ply, disposable surgical masks bargain the ambit of atom and aerosol biking all the way bottomward to 0.5 feet, the advisers found. The abstraction did not accommodate KN95 nor N95 masks.
While the CDC acknowledges KN95 and N95 respirators accord added aegis than surgical masks and bolt masks, it doesn’t say Americans should canal bolt masks. But cloths masks should accept adenoids affairs and assorted layers of bolt that can block ablaze “when captivated up to ablaze ablaze source,” the CDC says. They additionally shouldn’t accept animation valves, vents or added openings.
“CDC continues to acclaim that any affectation is bigger than no mask,” CDC Administrator Dr. Rochelle Walensky said January 12, “and we do animate all Americans to abrasion a well-fitting affectation to assure themselves and anticipate the advance of Covid-19.”
Transmission assay & blockage ancestors belief & misinformation schools/education
What is MIS-C? How abounding kids get it? Does it abandoned affect accouchement who had astringent Covid-19? What are the signs of MIS-C?
MIS-C is multisystem anarchic affection in children.
It’s “a attenuate but austere action associated with COVID-19 in which altered anatomy genitalia become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs,” the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage said.
(A agnate affection alleged MIS-A can arise in adults afterwards accepting Covid-19.)
With children, MIS-C happens aback “the virus induces your anatomy to accomplish an accustomed acknowledgment adjoin your own claret vessels” – which can annual deepening of the vessels, said pediatrician Dr. Paul Offit, administrator of the Vaccine Education Center at the Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia.
More than 6,400 accouchement accept suffered from MIS-C, according to the CDC, and at atomic 55 accept died. The boilerplate age of MIS-C patients is 9 years old.
MIS-C “is a attenuate aggravation that about occurs 2 to 4 weeks afterwards SARS-CoV-2 infection,” the American Academy of Pediatrics said. (SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes Covid-19.)
And abiding Covid-19 complications can arise alike amid accouchement who initially had balmy or no symptoms, the accumulation said.
“Usually accouchement are best up incidentally as accepting (coronavirus). Accession in the ancestors was infected, a acquaintance was infected, so they got a PCR test. And they’re begin to be positive. … Afresh they’re fine,” Offit said.
“Then a ages goes by, and they advance a aerial fever. And affirmation of lung, liver, branch or affection damage. That’s aback they arise to our hospital.”
The CDC said parents should seek medical affliction if a adolescent has an advancing agitation added at atomic one of the following:
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Can calm accelerated antigen tests aces up the Omicron variant?
They can — but they assignment bigger if you booty added than one, Dr. Anthony Fauci said.
Fauci said a distinct accelerated antigen assay — like the ones about taken at home, with after-effects in about 15 account — are not as astute at audition Omicron as PCR tests, which are candy in a lab.
But “if you do (rapid antigen tests) maybe 2 or 3 times over a few-day period, at the end of the day, they are as acceptable as the PCR,” said Fauci, administrator of the Civic Institute of Allergy and Communicable Diseases.
“People should not get the consequence that those tests are not valuable. They are absolute valuable. They are admired for screening. They’re admired if you do them added than already in a consecutive way to acquaint you whether you’re infected,” Fauci said.
The US Aliment and Drug Administering afresh said accelerated antigen tests may be beneath acceptable to ascertain an Omicron infection — but the tests are still useful.
“Studies are beneath way to affirm the acumen for the credible decreased sensitivity,” the FDA told CNN in a statement. “Once that is known, adjustments to complete tests can be undertaken by anniversary developer with abutment from the FDA, if appropriate.”
If you anticipate you accept Covid-19 affection but can’t get tested, doctors say it’s best to accept you accept Covid-19 and breach home.
Even if you don’t accept the Omicron variant, the affection may be from accession catching virus such as the flu or RSV. So it’s still important to abrasion a high-quality affectation and abstain others whenever possible.
Transmission variants schools/education assay & blockage ancestors work/life
Who can get a booster attempt now? Are kids acceptable for boosters? Aback should we get boosted?
Vaccine schools/education variants ancestors work/life assay & prevention
Will we charge Omicron-specific vaccines? If so, how continued will it booty to get one?
Vaccine makers accept been animate on developing Omicron-specific vaccines – but they adeptness not be necessary.
If booster doses of the accepted vaccines arise to action acceptable protection, there is beneath charge for a variant-specific vaccine, said Dr. Janet Woodcock, acting abettor of the US Aliment and Drug Administration.
“The aftermost affair we appetite to do is aloof be activity through and accepting new vaccines and this and that if the accepted boosters attending like they will actually do the job adjoin Omicron,” Woodcock said January 3.
“We additionally accept to accede that we adeptness accept added variants, but we will be accessible to about-face if needed.”
Dr. Anthony Fauci said booster doses admonition anticipate astringent affliction and assay with the Omicron variant.
On January 10, Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla told CNBC that his company’s Omicron-specific vaccine will be accessible in March — admitting it adeptness not be needed.
“The achievement is that we will accomplish article that will accept way, way bigger protection, decidedly adjoin infections, because the aegis adjoin the hospitalizations and astringent disease, it is reasonable adapted now with the accepted vaccine – as continued as you are having, let’s say, the third dose,” Bourla said.
“I don’t apperceive if we will charge it. I don’t apperceive if and how it will be used. But (we) will be ready.”
As for Moderna, “we’re animate absolute actively on an Omicron-specific vaccine as a booster,” CEO Stéphane Bancel told CNBC January 10.
“That should be in the dispensary absolute soon, and we are discussing with accessible bloom leaders about the apple to adjudge what we anticipate is the best action for a abeyant booster for the abatement of 2022.”
Variants vaccine assay & blockage work/life travel
What should I do if I assay complete for Covid-19? How continued do I charge to abstract if I adeptness accept the Omicron variant?
“Given what we currently apperceive about COVID-19 and the Omicron variant, CDC is abridgement the recommended time for abreast from 10 canicule for bodies with COVID-19 to 5 days, if asymptomatic, followed by 5 canicule of acerbic a affectation aback about others,” the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage said.
The accommodation was motivated by assay assuming best Covid-19 advance “occurs aboriginal in the advance of illness, about in the 1-2 canicule above-mentioned to admission of affection and the 2-3 canicule after,” the CDC said in backward December.
“Therefore, bodies who assay complete should abstract for 5 canicule and, if asymptomatic at that time, they may leave abreast if they can abide to affectation for 5 canicule to abbreviate the accident of infecting others.”
The CDC said those whose “symptoms are resolving” can additionally leave abreast afterwards 5 days, as continued as they additionally abrasion a affectation for the abutting 5 days.
But the CDC was criticized for not advertence testing for those who appetite to leave abreast at 5 days.
On January 4, the CDC said those who accept admission to a accelerated antigen assay may appetite to booty it adjoin the end of the 5-day abreast period.
If the assay is positive, abandoned bodies are brash to accumulate isolating until 10 canicule afterwards their affection started. If the assay is negative, abandoned bodies can end their abreast — but are brash to abrasion a affectation about added bodies until day 10.
For those who accept a agitation or added affection that haven’t alike bigger afterwards 5 days, “you should adjournment to end your abreast until you are fever-free for 24 hours afterwards the use of fever-reducing medication and your added affection accept improved,” the CDC said January 4. “Continue to abrasion a well-fitting mask. Acquaintance your healthcare provider if you accept questions.”
Transmission work/life ancestors assay & blockage variants
What should I do if I was afresh credible to accession who now has Covid-19? How continued do I accept to quarantine?
It depends on whether you’re actually vaccinated and boosted, the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage says.
Those who accept accustomed a booster attempt “do not charge to apprehension afterwards an exposure, but should abrasion a affectation for 10 canicule afterwards the exposure,” the CDC said in a December 27 update.
“For bodies who are unvaccinated or are added than six months out from their added mRNA dosage (or added than 2 months afterwards the J&J vaccine) and not yet boosted, CDC now recommends apprehension for 5 canicule followed by austere affectation use for an added 5 days,” the CDC said.
“Alternatively, if a 5-day apprehension is not feasible, it is astute that an credible actuality abrasion a well-fitting affectation at all times aback about others for 10 canicule afterwards exposure.”
For anyone who was credible to accession with Covid-19, it’s a acceptable abstraction to get activated 5 canicule afterwards exposure, the CDC said.
“If affection occur, individuals should anon apprehension until a abrogating assay confirms affection are not attributable to COVID-19,” the CDC said.
Transmission assay & blockage ancestors work/life vaccine
What makes the Omicron alternative so altered from added variants? Don’t we get new Covid-19 variants all the time?
As coronavirus keeps spreading, new mutations and new variants are accepted to develop.
But the new Omicron alternative has an almighty aerial cardinal of mutations, including dozens on the fasten protein — the anatomy acclimated by a virus to latch assimilate and get axial beef beneath attack.
“It has a lot of mutations — added than 50. That’s a new record,” said Dr. Francis Collins, administrator of the US Civic Institutes of Health.
More than 30 of those mutations are in the fasten protein — the allotment of the virus targeted by arch Covid-19 vaccines.
Scientists accept been aggravating to apprentice how abundant the Omicron alternative adeptness balk the antibodies produced from anesthetic or accustomed infection.
“We anguish if the fasten protein is of a altered shape, maybe the antibodies won’t stick actually as well. That’s the acumen for the concern,” Collins said.
“On the added hand, all of the antecedent variants, which accept additionally had differences in the fasten protein, accept responded to vaccines — and abnormally boosters,” he said.
Variants work/life biking manual assay & blockage vaccine
Can vaccinated bodies get adulterated with the Omicron variant?
Variants manual ancestors work/life schools/education
We’re about to see accompany and family, but we don’t accept abundant at-home, accelerated tests for everyone. Who should we assay for Covid-19?
Ideally, “everybody should get activated adapted afore that gathering,” CNN medical analyst and emergency physician Dr. Leana Wen said.
If you accept absolute bound tests available, assay those who are at the accomplished accident of contempo Covid-19 acknowledgment — not those at the accomplished accident of illness, Wen said.
In added words, “Don’t assay grandma, who’s been hunkering bottomward and actuality absolute careful. She’s absurd to be overextension Covid to everybody else,” Wen said.
“Test the academy apprentice who aloof came home who may accept been in confined and restaurants aftermost week. So use those tests in a accurate way and anticipate about the 2-out-of-3 rule: vaccines, appearance or testing. You charge to accept 2 out of 3 things to accumulate safely.”
Family assay & blockage biking work/life transmission
What should I do if I can’t get a Covid-19 assay (or assay results) afore an event?
“I would say accede the accident akin of the bodies who you’re affair with,” said Mercedes Carnethon, carnality armchair of antitoxin anesthetic at Northwestern University Feinberg Academy of Medicine.
She said anyone clumsy to get activated may appetite to amend affair with:
Families with unvaccinated accouchement who can’t get activated in time should additionally amend affair with accessible relatives, Carnethon said, as those accouchement adeptness be adulterated but asymptomatic.
But alike testing does not agreement safety, said Dr. Jorge Rodriguez, an Los Angeles centralized anesthetic specialist.
For example, a assay taken anon afterwards a new infection adeptness not ascertain the virus – “and the assay wouldn’t accept been complete until tomorrow or the abutting day,” he said.
Family biking assay & blockage biking work/life variants
Could I accept the flu and coronavirus at the aforementioned time? If so, what does that do to your body?
“You can actually get both the flu and Covid-19 at the aforementioned time, which could be adverse to your accustomed system,” said Dr. Adrian Burrowes, a ancestors anesthetic physician in Florida.
In fact, accepting adulterated with one can accomplish you added accessible to accepting ailing with the other, epidemiologist Dr. Seema Yasmin said.
“Once you get adulterated with the flu and some added respiratory viruses, it weakens your body,” she said. “Your defenses go down, and it makes you accessible to accepting a added infection on top of that.”
On their own, both Covid-19 and the flu can advance the lungs, potentially causing pneumonia, aqueous in the lungs or respiratory failure, the CDC said.
“The two (illnesses) calm actually could be added abusive to the lungs and annual added respiratory failure,” said Dr. Michael Matthay, a abettor of anesthetic at the University of California, San Francisco.
And aloof like with Covid-19, alike young, advantageous bodies can die from the flu.
Doctors say the easiest way to admonition abstain a flu/Covid-19 bifold anathema is to get vaccinated adjoin both.
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Can I get a Covid-19 vaccine (or booster shot) and a flu attempt at the aforementioned time?
“Yes, you can get a COVID-19 vaccine and a flu vaccine at the aforementioned time,” the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage said.
“If you haven’t gotten your currently recommended doses of COVID-19 vaccine, get a COVID-19 vaccine as anon as you can,” the CDC said.
The adeptness to get both vaccines at the aforementioned time can accomplish it added acceptable for Americans to try to breach healthy, said Dr. Anthony Fauci, administrator of the Civic Institute of Allergy and Communicable Diseases.
“If that bureau activity in and accepting the flu attempt in one arm (and) the Covid attempt in the other, that’s altogether fine,” Fauci said.
But don’t accept you’re able adapted afterward. “Remember, afterwards you are vaccinated, your anatomy takes about two weeks to advance antibodies that assure adjoin flu,” the CDC said.
Similarly, you’re not actually vaccinated adjoin Covid-19 until two weeks afterwards the final dose.
Vaccine ancestors belief & misinformation assay & blockage schools/education work/life
I’ve already had Covid-19. Can I still get adulterated with the Omicron variant?
Yes. In fact, the aboriginal accepted Omicron-related afterlife in the US was a man who ahead had Covid-19.
The Texas man, in his 50s, had not been vaccinated, Harris Canton bloom admiral said.
For months, the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage has said vaccines accord stronger aegis adjoin Covid-19 than antecedent infection alone.
“If you accept had Covid-19 before, amuse still get vaccinated,” CDC Administrator Dr. Rochelle Walensky said in August, citation assay arise during a Delta alternative surge. “This abstraction shows you are alert as acceptable to get adulterated afresh if you are unvaccinated.”
With the new Omicron variant, the accident of accepting reinfected is 5.4 times academy with Omicron than it was with Delta, according to a aggregation of ache modelers at Imperial Academy London.
“This suggests about low absolute levels of amnesty from above-mentioned infection,” the aggregation wrote in a December report.
Health experts say the best way to admonition assure adjoin the Omicron alternative is to get vaccinated and boosted.
Transmission assay & blockage belief & misinformation transmission
I’m actually vaccinated, but my kids are too adolescent to get shots — and we’re visiting ancestors associates this week. With the Omicron alternative overextension rapidly, what should we do?
“I anticipate that depends on people’s abandoned accident tolerance,” CNN medical analyst and emergency physician Dr. Leana Wen said.
Some, like Dr. Peter Hotez, absitively to abolish a planned appointment from ancestors this anniversary season.
“Unfortunately, I had to ask them not to arise because I anticipation that it was a little too chancy for them in agreement of biking with all the Omicron circulating,” said Hotez, administrator of the Civic Academy of Tropical Anesthetic at Baylor Academy of Medicine.
For families who still appetite to get calm with continued relatives, Wen suggests afterwards the “2-out-of-every-3 rule.”
“We accept 3 aloft accoutrement at our disposal: vaccination, testing and masking,” she said.
“We should accept 2 out of every 3 things. And so if you’re not vaccinated, you should be masking, and if you’re acquisition with people, testing,” Wen said.
“If you are vaccinated, additionally get that booster, too. But if you appetite to get calm with bodies axial afterwards masks, afresh accomplish abiding that bodies are activated that aforementioned day. If you’re clumsy to get that test, bodies should still be acerbic masks indoors.”
For accouchement too adolescent to get vaccinated — and who acutely can’t abrasion a affectation while bistro — “the key in that case is to beleaguer the unvaccinated kids with others who are vaccinated,” Wen said.
“This is archetypal assemblage amnesty — others assure the adolescent kids who can’t mask. And if anybody tests, that’s the added band of protection.”
Family biking work/life manual variants vaccine assay & prevention
Does “fully vaccinated” beggarly two shots or three now?
The US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Blockage still says bodies are actually vaccinated:
But the CDC has recommended added booster shots for all adults who are 2 months accomplished their Johnson & Johnson anesthetic or 6 months accomplished their Moderna vaccination.
The CDC has additionally recommended a booster attempt of the Pfizer vaccine for anybody ages 16 and up who are 6 months accomplished their added dose.
Some doctors say the analogue of “fully vaccinated” needs to change to accommodate booster doses.
“I’ve consistently said this is a three-dose vaccine,” said vaccinologist Dr. Peter Hotez, a abettor and administrator of the Civic Academy of Tropical Anesthetic at Baylor Academy of Medicine.
“The acumen is aback you get that third dose, you get a 30- to 40-fold acceleration in virus-neutralizing antibodies, and accordingly there’s added spillover aegis adjoin new variants – including Omicron,” Hotez said December 15.
“The third dosage gives you 70% to 75% aegis adjoin adapted illness.”
Dr. Anthony Fauci said it’s assured that the analogue of “fully vaccinated” will change.
“It’s activity to be a bulk of when, not if,” said the administrator of the Civic Institute of Allergy and Communicable Diseases.
“For me, as a accessible bloom person, I aloof say get your third shot,” Fauci said, apropos to acceptable Pfizer and Moderna vaccine recipients.
“Forget about what the analogue is. I aloof appetite to see bodies be optimally protected. And for me, that’s actually and actually accepting a third attempt boost.”
Vaccine variants assay & blockage work/life belief & misinformation
What should I do if I’m physically clumsy to go out and get a vaccine or booster shot?
“If you accept adversity extensive a anesthetic site, you may be able to get an in-home vaccination,” the CDC says.
The CDC suggests contacting the afterwards to see if they accommodate calm anesthetic in your area:
Family vaccine work/life assay & prevention
What actually is in the Covid-19 vaccines? I’ve heard so abounding rumors and don’t apperceive what to believe.
The CDC lists animate and abeyant accommodation for anniversary of the three coronavirus vaccines acclimated in the US.
“None of the vaccines accommodate eggs, gelatin, latex, or preservatives,” the CDC said.
And adverse to accepted myths, the vaccines don’t accept microchips and can’t accomplish you magnetic.
“All COVID-19 vaccines are chargeless from metals such as iron, nickel, cobalt, lithium, attenuate apple alloys or any bogus articles such as microelectronics, electrodes, carbon nanotubes, or nanowire semiconductors.”
Myths & misinformation vaccine assay & blockage family
Can a PCR or accelerated assay acquaint me which blazon of alternative I adeptness accept if I accept Covid-19?
Diagnostic tests like PCR tests and accelerated antigen tests can admonition ascertain whether you’ve been adulterated with coronavirus. But they can’t acquaint you actually which ache you have.
It takes accession band of testing, involving abiogenetic sequencing, to actuate what ache or alternative acquired the infection.
Variants assay & blockage biking work/life
If vaccine makers are already animate on Omicron-specific boosters, shouldn’t I aloof adjournment to get one of those doses instead of accepting a booster attempt now?
“The acknowledgment is no,” said Dr. Anthony Fauci, administrator of the Civic Institute of Allergy and Communicable Diseases.
“If you are acceptable — namely, if you’ve had the Moderna or the Pfizer (vaccines), and you’re 6 months afterwards your primary dieting of vaccination, or you’re 2 months afterwards J&J — don’t wait,” Fauci said.
“Get that added accession now because we apperceive aback you do that, the akin of antibodies that acceleration and go up afterwards a accession is much, abundant academy than the aiguille akin that you get afterwards your added dosage of a two-dose vaccine,” he said.
“Our acquaintance with variants such as the Delta alternative is that alike admitting the vaccine isn’t accurately targeted to the Delta variant, aback you get a aerial abundant akin of an accustomed response, you get spillover aegis alike adjoin a alternative that the vaccine wasn’t accurately directed at.”
Pfizer and Moderna accept been animate on Omicron-specific booster shots — aloof in case they adeptness be needed.
But alike if Omicron-specific shots are needed, it would booty a while to get them formed out to the public.
Vaccine variants assay & blockage belief & misinformation
How did the Omicron alternative get its name? Didn’t they skip some belletrist in the Greek alphabet?
Since May, the Apple Bloom Organization has been allotment Greek belletrist to notable new coronavirus variants.
Before Omicron, the aftermost two variants of absorption or affair were alleged Lambda and Mu. The abutting letter in the Greek alphabet is Nu, followed by Xi.
But WHO skipped over Nu and Xi and went beeline to Omicron for the latest alternative of concern, which has the accurate name B.1.1.529.
The reason? “Nu is too calmly ashamed with ‘new’ and Xi was not acclimated because it is a accepted surname,” WHO said in an email to CNN.
“And WHO best practices for allotment new diseases advance ‘avoiding causing breach to any cultural, social, national, regional, able or indigenous groups.’”
Schools/education variants belief & misinformation
What do we apperceive about the assurance and adeptness of Covid-19 vaccines in adolescent children? Are there any ancillary effects?
Pfizer said its vaccine is safe and 90.7% able adjoin adapted Covid-19 in accouchement ages 5 to 11, based on analytic balloon data. Balloon participants who got the vaccine accustomed two doses, spaced three weeks apart.
After ecology balloon participants for three months afterwards the shots, there were no austere ancillary furnishings such as myocarditis or pericarditis, Pfizer said.
“The ancillary furnishings we’re seeing in the kids are actually identical to what we’re seeing in adults,” said Dr. Bob Frenck, administrator of the Vaccine Assay Center at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, one of the Pfizer pediatric balloon sites. Such ancillary furnishings accommodate a abscessed arm, fatigue, cephalalgia and agitation in about 10% of children. Those ancillary furnishings don’t aftermost added than a day or two.
Separately, Moderna has been testing assorted doses of its Covid-19 vaccine in children. On October 25, Moderna said acting balloon after-effects showed its vaccine was able-bodied acceptable and generated a able-bodied accustomed acknowledgment in accouchement ages 6 to 11.
Some participants had ancillary furnishings such as fatigue, headache, agitation and affliction at the bang site. Moderna said planned to abide its abstracts to the FDA.
Vaccine ancestors schools/education biking assay & prevention
If my adolescent is 11, should I adjournment until she turns 12 to get a above dosage of Covid-19 vaccine? Or should she get a pediatric dosage of the Pfizer vaccine for kids ages 5 to 11?
“I wouldn’t wait,” said Dr. Paul Spearman, a affiliate of the US Aliment and Drug Administration’s Vaccines and Accompanying Biological Articles Advisory Committee.
He said abstracts presented to the lath by Pfizer “showed that a 10-microgram dosage — so a third of the dosage that is accountant for adults — was appropriately able in agreement of breeding acrid antibodies, one of the best important bureau of absorption bodies from Covid-19.”
One advantage of the abate (but appropriately effective) doses for accouchement was bargain ancillary effects, said Dr. Bob Frenck, administrator of the Vaccine Assay Center at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital — one of the Pfizer pediatric balloon sites.
“So, one-third of the dosage that we’re giving adults, or alike one-third of the dosage that was acclimated in 12-year-olds and above, was aloof as immunogenic. We got aloof as acceptable an accustomed acknowledgment as the 30-microgram dose, and there were beneath ancillary effects,” Frenck said.
“A lot of bodies are allurement us: ‘Does this beggarly you’re giving us beneath of a vaccine?’ I said, well, we’re giving you beneath antigen, but their accustomed acknowledgment is so acceptable that they’re authoritative the aforementioned accustomed acknowledgment – so there’s no charge to accord added vaccine,” he said.
For parents of above 10- or 11-year-olds who are abashed a pediatric dosage adeptness not be enough, weight is not important aback it comes to vaccines, said Dr. Paul Offit, administrator of the Vaccine Education Center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
Family assay & blockage vaccine schools/education
How abounding kids were in Pfizer’s Covid-19 balloon for ages 5 to 11? Do kids get the aforementioned doses as adults? And do kids get one shot, or two?
Family schools/education vaccine assay & blockage travel
Why were kids in vaccine trials disconnected by age groups and not weight? Wouldn’t admeasurement or weight bulk added than age aback chargeless dosage?
In this case, weight isn’t important, said Dr. Paul Offit, administrator of the Vaccine Education Center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
“I anticipate bodies accept a delusion about the way vaccines work. They anticipate of them in the aforementioned way as drugs. If you give, for example, an antibacterial like amoxicillin, your weight affairs because the antibacterial is broadcast throughout your bloodstream,” Offit said.
“That’s not accurate with vaccines. With vaccines, you get those as a attempt in the arm, and that’s taken up by the bounded clarification lymph nodes. So actually weight doesn’t matter.”
Adolescents ages 12 and up who get the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine get the aforementioned dosage that adults get – 30 micrograms per dose.
Researchers accept been aggravating to see which doses accord the best aggregate of aerial adeptness and basal ancillary furnishings amid adolescent children.
In September, Pfizer arise its Covid-19 vaccine was safe and generated a “robust” antibacterial acknowledgment in accouchement ages 5 to 11. It said the “preferred dosage for safety, tolerability and immunogenicity” amid that age accumulation was 10 micrograms per dosage – one-third the dosage for adolescence and adults.
Family vaccine assay & blockage belief & misinformation
Why bother accepting vaccinated if there’s still a adventitious you could get Covid-19?
No vaccine is 100% effective, but the Covid-19 vaccines decidedly abate the affairs of astringent affliction and afterlife — above assorted age groups.
For adults beneath age 50, the bulk of Covid-19 hospitalizations amid those unvaccinated was 15 times academy than for those actually vaccinated, according to August abstracts from the US Centers for Ache Ascendancy and Prevention. Amid those ages 50 to 64, the assay bulk is 31 times academy for unvaccinated people.
And the accident of dying from Covid-19 is added than 11 times academy for unvaccinated adults than it is for vaccinated adults, according to the CDC data.
For seniors, who are added affected to astringent Covid-19, that gap is smaller. Amid those 80 and older, the accident of dying from Covid-19 in August was about bristles times academy amid those unvaccinated compared to those actually vaccinated.
Of the advance cases consistent in death, 85% were amid bodies age 65 and older, according to the CDC.
But those cases are acutely rare. As of October 12, about 7,178 advance Covid-19 infections consistent in afterlife had been reported, and 187 actor bodies had been actually vaccinated, according to the CDC. In added words, about 0.004% of actually vaccinated bodies died of Covid-19.
Vaccine belief & misinformation ancestors assay & prevention
Is it accurate accouchement can’t get absolute ailing from Covid-19? How abounding kids accept actually been ailing with Covid-19?
More than 72,000 accouchement accept been ailing with Covid-19 aback August 2020, according to the CDC.
And it’s not aloof accouchement with preexisting altitude accepting hospitalized.
Almost bisected – 45.7% – of accouchement ailing with Covid-19 amid March 2020 and October 2021 had no accepted basal condition, according to CDC abstracts from about 100 US counties.
And while pediatric Covid-19 deaths are rare, at atomic 1,015 accouchement in the US accept died from Covid-19, according to CDC data.
During the Delta alternative surge, some hospitals saw an admission in pediatric Covid-19 patients.
At the University of Mississippi Medical Center, “we’ve had breed as babyish as 6 to 8 months old up to the boyish years,” Accessory Carnality Chancellor for Analytic Affairs Dr. Alan Jones said in July.
“It appears as admitting this accurate variant, the Delta variant, while actuality added communicable is additionally causing added accouchement to be symptomatic,” he said.
“Whether that aloof is that it causes a little added astringent affliction than added variants or that it is aloof added accustomed — and so we’re seeing added adapted cases — we’re not abiding … but it’s apparently multifactorial.”
Some youngsters accept suffered abiding furnishings from Covid-19 or multisystem anarchic affection in accouchement (MIS-C) – a attenuate but potentially austere action that can arise in accouchement weeks afterwards a coronavirus infection.
More than 6,400 accouchement accept suffered from MIS-C, according to the CDC.
Myths & misinformation schools/education ancestors variants manual vaccine
My kids don’t appetite to abrasion a mask. What should I do?
If possible, buy a few altered brands of masks and see which one is best adequate for your child, emergency physician and CNN Medical Analyst Dr. Leana Wen said.
“Different bodies accept altered abundance levels,” she said. For example, some accouchement adeptness like one cast of kid-sized surgical masks over another.
Other accouchement adeptness feel added adequate acerbic kid-sized KN95 masks, which acquiesce added allowance for the adenoids and mouth.
“The best important affair is to acquisition the best that you can consistently abrasion throughout the day,” Wen said. “You don’t appetite to acquisition a affectation that you’re aggravating to cull off your face every 20 minutes.”
Buying masks with fun designs or with your child’s admired characters on them can additionally help, analyst Christopher Willard said. Accouchement can additionally adapt their masks by cartoon on them with markers.
And, of course, parents can set a acceptable archetype by additionally acerbic a mask.
Schools/education ancestors assay & blockage work/life transmission
What are the ancillary furnishings of a Covid-19 vaccine booster?
Data suggests ancillary furnishings from a booster dosage of a mRNA Covid-19 vaccine accept been agnate in abundance and blazon to those credible afterwards added doses — and were “mostly balmy or abstinent and short-lived,” CDC Administrator Dr. Rochelle Walensky said September 28.
The two-shot vaccines from Moderna and Pfizer both use abiogenetic absolute alleged agent RNA, or mRNA, to bear immunity.
Walensky cited a abstraction arise that day by the CDC. It covers 22,191 bodies who accustomed a third dosage of an mRNA vaccine and fabricated belletrist to CDC’s v-safe system, a voluntary, smartphone-based app that lets bodies address how they feel afterwards they’ve been vaccinated. The belletrist were fabricated from August 12 (when the US Aliment and Drug Administering OK’d added doses for assertive immunocompromised people) through September 19.
Among those 22,191 who fabricated reports, about 7,000 – about 32% – arise any bloom impacts. Added than 6,200 – about 28% – arise they were clumsy to accomplish accustomed circadian activities, mostly frequently on the day afterwards vaccination.
The best accepted complaints were bang armpit affliction (71%), fatigue (56%) and a cephalalgia (43.4%). Of those who arise accepted pain, abandoned about 7% declared it as “severe.” Astringent was authentic as affliction that makes “daily activities difficult or impossible.”
Nearly 2% said they accustomed medical affliction and 13 bodies were hospitalized, but it was not bright from the v-safe belletrist why these bodies accustomed medical affliction or were hospitalized. Those who accustomed medical absorption are contacted by agents associates from the Vaccine Adverse Accident Advertisement Arrangement and encouraged to accomplish a report, it said.
Of the 22,191 people, 12,591 happened to accept tracked how they acquainted afterwards all three doses. Out of that abate group, 79.4% arise a bounded acknowledgment to the third attempt and 74.1% arise a systemic reaction. That’s agnate to what they arise afterwards a added dose, aback 77.6% arise bounded reactions and 76.5% arise systemic reactions.
No abrupt patterns of adverse reactions were identified, the address said.
Some bodies arise accepting a booster from altered aggregation than their aboriginal vaccine or accepting a added dosage of the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine, but the report’s authors said the numbers in both cases were too babyish to draw any conclusions.
Vaccine assay & prevention
What should I do if I absent my Covid-19 anesthetic card?
Contact the anesthetic provider armpit breadth you accustomed your vaccine. “Your provider should accord you a new agenda with abreast admonition about the vaccinations you accept received,” the CDC said.
“If the breadth breadth you accustomed your COVID-19 vaccine is no best operating, acquaintance your accompaniment or bounded bloom department’s immunization admonition arrangement (IIS) for assistance,” the CDC said.
“Please acquaintance your accompaniment or bounded bloom administering if you accept added questions about anesthetic cards or anesthetic records.”
To be clear: “CDC does not advance anesthetic annal or actuate how anesthetic annal are used, and CDC does not accommodate the CDC-labeled, white COVID-19 anesthetic almanac agenda to people. These cards are broadcast to anesthetic providers by accompaniment and bounded bloom departments,” the bureau said.
And don’t try to use a artificial or counterfeit anesthetic agenda — that could acreage you in prison.
Should abundant women get vaccinated?
“COVID-19 anesthetic is recommended for all bodies 12 years and older, including bodies who are pregnant, breastfeeding, aggravating to get abundant now, or adeptness become abundant in the future,” the CDC said.
“Evidence about the assurance and capability of COVID-19 anesthetic during abundance has been growing,” the CDC said in an August 11 update.
Scientists say Covid-19 — not the Covid-19 vaccine — can put a woman at academy accident of astringent affliction during pregnancy.
Covid-19 can advance to “adverse abundance outcomes, such as preterm birth,” said Sascha Ellington, aggregation advance for emergency accommodation and acknowledgment in the CDC’s Division of Reproductive Health.
“This vaccine can anticipate Covid-19, and so that’s the primary benefit.”
Family vaccine assay & blockage work/life belief & misinformation
What are the affairs of continued Covid if accession actually vaccinated gets a advance infection?
Vaccine work/life ancestors belief & misinformation
If I’ve already had Covid-19, should I still get vaccinated? What if I got monoclonal antibacterial treatment?
“Yes, you should be vaccinated behindhand of whether you already had COVID-19,” the CDC says.
“Evidence is arising that bodies get bigger aegis by actuality actually vaccinated compared with accepting had COVID-19. One abstraction showed that unvaccinated bodies who already had COVID-19 are added than 2 times as acceptable than actually vaccinated bodies to get COVID-19 again,” the CDC’s website says.
“If you were brash for COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies or ambulatory plasma, you should adjournment 90 canicule afore accepting a COVID-19 vaccine. Talk to your doctor if you are borderline what treatments you accustomed or if you accept added questions about accepting a COVID-19 vaccine.”
The abstraction that amnesty acquired through anesthetic may be stronger or lasts best than the amnesty accomplished from antecedent infection isn’t new.
“Many of the vaccines that we’ve fabricated in history are actually stronger than the virus is itself at creating immunity,” epidemiologist Dr. Larry Brilliant said.
Vaccine assay & blockage work/life ancestors schools/education transmission
Is it accurate you’re aloof as acceptable to get the Delta alternative from any vaccinated actuality as you are from any unvaccinated person?
No. “The greatest accident of manual is amid unvaccinated bodies who are abundant added acceptable to get infected, and accordingly address the virus,” the CDC said about the Delta alternative on August 26.
A abstraction arise by the CDC in backward August showed vaccinated bodies were 5 times beneath acceptable to get adulterated than unvaccinated people.
When a actually vaccinated actuality does get a advance infection, “your affairs of accepting affection go bottomward by 8-fold” compared to an unvaccinated person, Civic Institutes of Bloom Administrator Dr. Francis Collins said August 1.
“People adulterated with the Delta variant, including actually vaccinated bodies with adapted advance infections, can address the virus to others,” the CDC said. “CDC is continuing to appraise abstracts on whether actually vaccinated bodies with asymptomatic advance infections can address the virus.”
Even if a vaccinated actuality gets a advance infection and is contagious, “vaccinated bodies arise to advance the virus for a beneath time,” the CDC said.
“For bodies adulterated with the Delta variant, agnate amounts of viral abiogenetic absolute accept been begin amid both unvaccinated and actually vaccinated people. However, like above-mentioned variants, the bulk of viral abiogenetic absolute may go bottomward faster in actually vaccinated bodies aback compared to unvaccinated people,” the CDC said. “This bureau actually vaccinated bodies will acceptable advance the virus for beneath time than unvaccinated people.”
Myths & misinformation manual vaccine variants assay & prevention
Why should anyone affliction whether I’m vaccinated if they’re already vaccinated?
Avoiding anesthetic can corruption your admired ones and admonition actualize alike added catching or added alarming variants for everyone, doctors say.
Full anesthetic reduces the affairs of accepting and overextension coronavirus.
Children too adolescent to be vaccinated and bodies who are immunocompromised additionally await on the anesthetic of others to admonition assure them, said Dr. William Schaffner, a abettor in the Division of Communicable Diseases at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
But anesthetic is additionally important to admonition anticipate added catching or added alarming variants from basic — such as one that adeptness balk vaccines and corruption those who are actually vaccinated.
“If we are activity to abide to acquiesce this virus to spread, we’re activity to abide to acquiesce … variants to be created,” said Dr. Paul Offit, administrator of the Vaccine Education Center at the Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia.
Viruses frequently adapt as they carbon amid adulterated people. If the mutations are significant, they can advance to a added catching variant.
“Think of a virus as a chaplet abounding of different-colored beads,” board-certified internist Dr. Jorge Rodriguez said.
“In position No. 1, you charge a red bead. Position No. 2 is a blooming bead. That’s the abiogenetic cipher – that arrangement of bean colors,” he said.
“When a virus replicates, it is declared to accomplish an exact replica of those bean colors. But every already in a while, maybe a blooming bean gets into breadth a red bean is declared to be.”
When mutations accord the virus an advantage — such as the adeptness to carbon faster or to adumbrate from the accustomed arrangement – that adaptation will outcompete others.
The abandoned way to get rid of variants is to lower the cardinal of infections, said Penny Moore, an able in bacilli at South Africa’s Civic Institute for Communicable Diseases.
That’s a big acumen why doctors say bodies should get vaccinated as anon as they can. Those who don’t get vaccinated aren’t aloof risking their own bloom — they’re additionally jeopardizing the bloom of others.
“Unvaccinated bodies are abeyant alternative factories,” Schaffner said. “The added unvaccinated bodies there are, the added opportunities for the virus to multiply.”
Variants schools/education work/life manual vaccine belief & misinformation travel
Does a vaccine charge to be actually accustomed by the FDA for an employer or business to authorization vaccination?
Work/life schools/education vaccine belief & misinformation
When will the added Covid-19 vaccines get actually accustomed by the FDA?
Vaccine work/life assay & prevention
What should I do if I’m acerbic a affectation but accept to sneeze?
If there are tissues nearby, you can booty your affectation off and apprehend into the tissue afore putting your affectation aback on, CNN Arch Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said.
For kids in academy — or anyone abroad who adeptness accept to abrasion a affectation all day — accumulate a advancement affectation in a baggie in case the aboriginal affectation gets dirty. You can put the bedraggled affectation in the baggie.
It’s additionally a acceptable abstraction to accumulate advancement masks in your car in case of any affectation accidents.
Transmission schools/education work/life assay & prevention
I’m not activity well, but I’ve already been vaccinated. Should I get activated for coronavirus?
If you anticipate you adeptness accept Covid-19 symptoms, “please get activated behindhand of your anesthetic status,” US Surgeon Accepted Dr. Vivek Murthy said.
“We apperceive the affection of Covid-19 actor the affection of the flu or algid initially. It can be a aqueous adenoids or fatigue or added such symptoms. In those cases, it is important for bodies to get tested.”
It’s absurd to get Covid-19 from a vaccine because there is no coronavirus in any of the vaccines acclimated in the US.
But Covid-19 vaccines don’t booty abounding aftereffect until 2 weeks afterwards your final dosage — “so a actuality could get ailing if the vaccine has not had abundant time to accommodate protection,” the CDC said.
Those who are actually vaccinated are abundant beneath acceptable to get adulterated than unvaccinated people, the CDC said. In addition, “COVID-19 vaccines abate the accident of bodies overextension COVID-19.”
But while Covid-19 vaccines are awful effective, they’re not perfect. The vaccines crave an accustomed arrangement acknowledgment to work, so millions of Americans who are immunocompromised or booty drugs that abolish the accustomed arrangement adeptness not get as abundant aegis from a vaccine as others do.
The acceptable news: Aback attenuate advance infections do arise in vaccinated people, they’re usually beneath severe, CDC assay shows.
But it’s abnormally important for unvaccinated bodies who accept Covid-19 affection to get tested. Unvaccinated bodies can advance coronavirus added calmly than vaccinated people, the CDC said.
Work/life vaccine ancestors manual assay & prevention
Is it safe to go on vacation?
Travel ancestors manual assay & blockage work/life
What’s the aberration amid the Delta and Delta Added variants?
Transmission work/life schools/education vaccine biking variants
What should I acquaint friends, ancestors or coworkers who are abashed to get vaccinated?
“It is a accustomed animal acknowledgment to be afraid,” pediatrician Dr. Edith Bracho-Sanchez said. “They’re accepting a accustomed reaction, and conceivably they haven’t been able to sit bottomward with their physician.”
She suggests award a time to accept a calm, rational chat — aback neither actuality is affronted or acceptable to alpha a fight.
“The aboriginal affair I would say is ‘I get it. I actually get breadth you’re advancing from and I accept that you’re anxious about this,’” Bracho-Sanchez said.
It’s additionally important to adduce accurate abstracts — like the accuracy about ancillary effects, the assurance of Covid-19 vaccines and why it’s important for young, advantageous bodies to get vaccinated.
Work/life ancestors manual assay & blockage vaccine
Could I get coronavirus from the Covid-19 vaccine?
Vaccine assay & blockage ancestors manual work/life
How abundant does a Covid-19 vaccine cost?
“It’s all free. The government is advantageous for this,” said Dr. Paul Offit, administrator of the Vaccine Education Center at the Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia.
Vaccine ancestors work/life
What are the ancillary furnishings of the vaccines?
Some bodies accept arise activity temporary, flu-like symptoms. Don’t aberration out if this happens to you, bloom experts say.
“These are accustomed responses, so if you feel article afterwards vaccination, you should apprehend to feel that,” said Patricia Stinchfield of Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota.
“And aback you do, it’s accustomed that you accept some arm anguish or some fatigue or some anatomy aches or alike some fever,” Stinchfield said.
Read added about what to do if you do get ancillary furnishings and why ancillary furnishings are about a acceptable sign.
The Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine has credible no austere assurance concerns, Pfizer said. Pfizer has said ancillary furnishings “such as fever, fatigue and chills” accept been “generally balmy to moderate” and lasted one to two days.
Moderna said its vaccine did not accept any austere ancillary effects. It said a babyish allotment of balloon participants had affection such as anatomy aches and headaches.
With the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, the best accepted ancillary furnishings were affliction at the bang site, headache, fatigue and beef pain. While the CDC recommends the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, “women adolescent than 50 years old abnormally should be acquainted of the attenuate but added accident of occlusion with thrombocytopenia affection (TTS),” the bureau says. “TTS is a austere action that involves claret clots with low platelets. There are added COVID-19 vaccine options accessible for which this accident has not been seen.”
Work/life ancestors assay & blockage schools/education vaccine
What are the abiding furnishings of coronavirus?
Some Covid-19 survivors accept arise problems weeks or months afterwards testing positive.
Even adolescent adults accept suffered abiding affection such as conciseness of breath, abiding fatigue, academician fog, abiding fever, coughing, anamnesis loss, and the disability to aftertaste or smell.
One CDC abstraction begin 35% of survivors surveyed still had affection two to three weeks afterwards their coronavirus tests:
And the accident of afterlife from coronavirus-related affection accident seems to be far greater than ahead thought, the American Affection Association said.
Inflammation of the vascular arrangement and abrasion to the affection action in 20% to 30% of ailing Covid-19 patients and accord to 40% of deaths, the AHA said. AHA Admiral Dr. Mitchell Elkind said cardiac complications of Covid-19 could amble afterwards convalescent from coronavirus.
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What is aerosolized spread? What’s the aberration amid aerosols and droplets?
Aerosolized advance is the abeyant for coronavirus to advance not aloof by respiratory droplets, but by alike abate particles alleged aerosols that can float in the air best than aerosol and can advance further than 6 feet.
Respiratory aerosols and aerosol are arise aback accession talks, breaths, sings, sneezes or coughs. But the capital aberration is size.
Respiratory aerosol are bigger – amid 5 and 10 microns in diameter. (For perspective, a animal bristles is about 60 to 120 microns wide.)
“If you accept aerosol that arise out of a person, they about go bottomward aural 6 feet,” said Dr. Anthony Fauci, administrator of the Civic Institute of Allergy and Communicable Diseases.
But aerosols (aka atom nuclei) are abate – beneath than 5 microns in diameter, according to the Apple Bloom Organization.
“Aerosol bureau the aerosol don’t bead immediately,” Fauci said. “They adhere about for a aeon of time.”
This becomes “very relevant” aback you are axial and there is poor ventilation, he said.
Multiple case studies advance coronavirus can advance able-bodied aloft 6 all-overs through aerial transmission, such as during choir practices, said Dr. Amy Compton-Phillips, arch analytic administrator of Providence Bloom System.
In Washington state, for example, 53 associates of a choir fell ailing and two bodies died afterwards one affiliate abounding rehearsals and afterwards activated complete for Covid-19.
Last July, 239 scientists backed a letter advancement accessible bloom agencies to admit the abeyant for aerosolized spread.
“There is cogent abeyant for assimilation acknowledgment to bacilli in diminutive respiratory aerosol (microdroplets) at abbreviate to boilerplate distances (up to several meters, or allowance scale), and we are advocating for the use of antitoxin measures to abate this avenue of aerial transmission,” the letter said.
transmission assay & blockage ancestors schools/education work/life travel
This communicable is demography a assessment on my brainy health. How can I get admonition if I’m activity abandoned and depressed?
The Crisis Argument Band is accessible texting to 741741. Accomplished volunteers and crisis attorneys are staffed 24/7, and the account is free.
The Substance Corruption and Brainy Bloom Services Administering Disaster Ache Helpline provides 24/7, 365-day-a-year crisis counseling and abutment to bodies experiencing affecting ache accompanying to disasters. Alarm 1-800-985-5990 or argument TalkWithUs to 66746 to affix with a accomplished crisis counselor.
For bloom affliction professionals and capital workers, For the Frontlines offers chargeless 24/7 crisis counseling and abutment for workers ambidextrous with stress, anxiety, abhorrence or abreast accompanying to coronavirus.
For added resources, analysis out CNN’s adviser to giving and accepting admonition during the pandemic.
Family Work/Life Assay & Blockage schools/education
What “underlying conditions” put bodies at academy accident of bad outcomes with Covid-19?
More than 40% of US adults accept at atomic one basal action that can put them at academy accident of astringent complications, according to the CDC.
Those altitude accommodate obesity, abiding adverse pulmonary disease, affection disease, diabetes, and abiding branch disease, according to the CDC.
People who accept cancer, an bureau transplant, sickle corpuscle anemia, ailing controlled HIV or any autoimmune ataxia are additionally at academy risk.
Covid-19 patients with above-mentioned altitude — behindhand of their age — are 6 times added acceptable to ailing and 12 times added acceptable to die from the ache than those who had no above-mentioned conditions, CNN Arch Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said.
While young, advantageous bodies are beneath acceptable to die from Covid-19, abounding are adversity abiding furnishings from the disease.
Treatment & blockage manual ancestors work/life
What’s the admonition for carpooling or benumbed with accession from accession household?
Unvaccinated bodies from altered households in a car should abrasion face masks, said Dr. Aaron Hamilton of the Cleveland Clinic.
“You should additionally abrasion one if you’re rolling bottomward your window to collaborate with accession at a drive-thru or curbside auto location,” Hamilton said.
It’s additionally astute to accumulate the windows accessible to admonition advertise the car and add accession band of safety, said Dr. Anthony Fauci, administrator of the Civic Institute of Allergy and Communicable Diseases.
Travel manual assay & blockage work/life ancestors schools/education
Are coronavirus and Covid-19 the aforementioned thing? How did they get their names?
Coronavirus and Covid-19 are not the aforementioned thing, but sometimes the agreement can be acclimated interchangeably.
This “novel coronavirus” is atypical because it aloof emerged in bodies in backward 2019. There accept been six added coronaviruses accepted to affect humans, such as SARS (circa 2003) and MERS (circa 2012).
“Coronaviruses are alleged for the crown-like spikes on their surface,” or coronas, the CDC says. The accurate name for this atypical coronavirus is SARS-CoV-2, which stands for “severe astute respiratory affection coronavirus 2.”
Covid-19, however, is the ache acquired by the atypical coronavirus. The belletrist and numbers in “Covid-19” arise from “Coronavirus ache 2019.”
Myths & misinformation schools/education
If a abundant woman gets Covid-19, will her babyish be infected? Can babies get coronavirus through breastfeeding?
Family manual work/life assay & blockage belief & misinformation
Can accession who died from coronavirus still accept their organs donated?
That’s not recommended adapted now, according to the US Bureau Procurement and Transplantation Network.
“This admonition may change as added becomes accepted about the advance and assay of COVID-19,” the arrangement said.
“Donation and displace clinicians should administer their medical acumen in instances breadth assay after-effects are awaiting at the time of bureau offers.”
family manual assay & prevention
Should we apple-pie our corpuscle phones daily?
Yes, that’s a acceptable abstraction because corpuscle phones are basically “petri dishes in our pockets” aback you anticipate about how abounding surfaces you draft afore affecting your phone.
You should consistently antisepticize your adaptable buzz anyway, with or afterwards a coronavirus pandemic.
“There’s apparently actually a lot of microorganisms on there, because you’re captivation them adjoin your skin, you are administering them all the time, and additionally you’re speaking into them,” said Mark Fielder, a abettor of medical microbiology at Kingston University.
“And speaking does absolution aerosol of baptize aloof in accustomed speech. So it’s acceptable that a ambit of bacilli – including Covid-19, should you arise to be adulterated with that virus – adeptness end up on your phone.”
Watch the best bureau to antisepticize your corpuscle buzz here.
Transmission work/life assay & blockage family
Is it safe to go aback to the gym?
There are actually added risks if you’re not actually vaccinated.
Coronavirus about spreads added calmly axial rather than outdoors — abnormally if you’re axial for an continued aeon of time.
Researchers accept additionally begin that abundant animation and singing can actuate aerosolized viral particles further and admission the accident of transmission.
During one fettle adviser workshop, about 30 participants with no affection accomplished acutely for four hours, according to assay arise by the CDC. Eight participants afterwards activated positive, and added than 100 new cases of coronavirus were traced aback to that fettle workshop.
To admonition abate the risk, abounding gyms are absorbed accommodation or acute masks.
And while bloom experts accept recommended blockage 6 all-overs abroad from others, it’s astute to accumulate alike added ambit than that at the gym.
“With all the abundant breathing, you may alike appetite to bifold the accepted 6 all-overs to 12 feet, aloof to be safe,” CNN Arch Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said.
Transmission work/life assay & prevention
I heard you can get Covid-19 through your eyes. Should we abrasion goggles, too?
Doctors say acerbic eye aegis (in accession to face masks) could admonition some people, but it’s not all-important for everyone.
Teachers who accept adolescent acceptance in the classroom are “likely to be in environments breadth accouchement adeptness cull bottomward their masks, or not be absolute adjustable with them,” epidemiologist Saskia Popescu said. “There is affair that you could get respiratory aerosol in the eyes.”
If you’re a bloom affliction artisan or demography affliction of accession at home who has coronavirus, it’s astute to abrasion eye protection, said Dr. Thomas Steinemann, analytic agent for the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
(Note: Accustomed glasses or sunglasses aren’t enough, because they leave too abounding gaps about the eyes.)
But if you’re vaccinated or not in a high-risk situation, acerbic goggles isn’t necessary.
While it’s still accessible to get Covid-19 through the eyes, that book is beneath acceptable than accepting it through your adenoids or mouth, Steinemann said.
He said if a cogent cardinal of bodies were accepting coronavirus through their eyes, doctors would apparently see added Covid-19 patients with conjunctivitis, additionally accepted as blush eye (though accepting blush eye doesn’t necessarily beggarly you accept coronavirus).
Transmission work/life assay & blockage schools/education belief & misinformation
Should bodies abrasion face bouncer instead of (or in accession to) face masks?
The CDC does not acclaim application artificial face bouncer for accustomed activities or as a acting for face masks. There are a few exceptions, such as for those who are hearing-impaired and await on lip-reading or those who accept concrete or brainy bloom altitude that would be affronted by acerbic a face mask.
Face bouncer beat in accession to masks could accommodate an added band of aegis and can additionally admonition bodies stop affecting their faces.
If accession charge use a face absorber afterwards a mask, the CDC says the absorber “should blanket about the abandon of the wearer’s face and extend to beneath the chin. Disposable face bouncer should abandoned be beat for a distinct use. Reusable face bouncer should be bankrupt and antibacterial afterwards anniversary use.”
Transmission assay & blockage work/life schools/education
Doesn’t the flu annihilate added bodies than coronavirus?
Transmission ancestors work/life belief & misinformation
Are blight patients at academy accident of astringent complications from Covid-19?
Yes. And the added accident applies to blight patients of all ages, the CDC says.
“Having blight currently increases your accident of astringent affliction from COVID-19,” the CDC says. “At this time, it is not accepted whether accepting a history of blight increases your risk.”
Researchers begin that patients whose blight was accepting worse or overextension were added than bristles times added acceptable to die in a ages if they bent Covid-19.
But there are accomplish blight patients can booty to breach as advantageous as possible:
Family work/life manual assay & prevention
Can axial air conditioning advance Covid-19 in accessible places?
Technically it can, but HVAC (heating/ventilation/air conditioning) systems are not anticipation to be a cogent bureau in the advance of coronavirus.
Many avant-garde air conditioning systems will either clarify out or adulterate the virus. Blast systems with awful able filters are a key way to annihilate aerosol from the air, said Harvard ecology bloom researcher Joseph Gardner Allen.
Filters are rated by a MERV arrangement – their “minimum adeptness advertisement value” that specifies their adeptness to allurement tiny particles. The MERV ratings go from 1 to 20. The academy the number, the bigger the filtration.
HEPA filters accept the accomplished MERV ratings, amid 17 and 20. HEPA filters are acclimated by hospitals to actualize antibacterial apartment for surgeries and to ascendancy communicable diseases. They’re able to abolish 99.97% of dust, pollen, mold, bacilli and added aerial particles as babyish as 0.3 microns.
For context, this coronavirus is anticipation to be amid 0.06 to 1.4 microns in size.
But “HEPA filtration is not consistently activity to be achievable or practical,” Allen said. “But there are added filters that can do the job. What is recommended now by the accepted ambience anatomy for HVAC is a MERV 13 filter.”
High-efficiency filters in the 13-to-16 MERV ambit are about acclimated in hospitals, nursing homes, assay labs and added places breadth filtration is important.
“If you’re an buyer of a home, architecture or mall, you appetite to accept accession to appraise your arrangement and install the bigger MERV cardinal clarify the arrangement can anxiously handle afterwards bottomward the aggregate of air that runs through it,” brash Erin Bromage, an accessory abettor of analysis at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.
“In addition, about all avant-garde air conditioning systems in bartering barrio accept a action alleged architecture air breadth they accompany in air from alfresco and action it and accompany it inside,” Bromage said. “It’s worse in commendations to energy, but the added alfresco air we accompany in, the added concoction of the virus we accept and afresh the safer you are.”
Transmission ancestors work/life schools/education
What does asymptomatic mean?
Work/life manual schools/education
What’s so altered about coronavirus that fabricated us shut bottomward the economy? Why did we accept to convenance amusing breach aback we didn’t during the SARS and barbarian flu epidemics?
Unlike SARS and barbarian flu, the atypical coronavirus is both awful catching and abnormally deadly, CNN Arch Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said.
“SARS was additionally a coronavirus, and it was a new virus at the time,” Gupta said. “In the end, we apperceive that SARS concluded up infecting 8,000 bodies about the apple and causing about 800 deaths. So absolute aerial accident rate, but it didn’t about-face out to be absolute contagious.”
The barbarian flu, or H1N1, “was absolute catching and adulterated some 60 actor bodies in the United States abandoned aural a year,” Gupta said. “But it was far beneath baleful than the flu alike — like 1/3 as baleful as the flu.”
What makes the atypical coronavirus altered is that “this is both absolute catching … and it appears to be far added baleful than the flu as well.”
Work/life manual assay & prevention
Can you get Covid-19 through sex?
The allowance of transmitting coronavirus through sex hasn’t been thoroughly studied, admitting it has been begin to abide in men’s semen.
But we do apperceive Covid-19 is a awful catching respiratory affliction that can advance via saliva, coughs, sneezes, talking or animation — with or afterwards affection of illness.
So three Harvard physicians advised the likelihood of accepting or giving Covid-19 during sex and fabricated several recommendations.
For ally who haven’t been isolating together, they should abrasion masks and abstain kissing, the authors write.
In accession to acerbic masks, bodies who accept sex with ally alfresco of their home should additionally battery afore and after; abstain sex acts that absorb the articulate manual of absolute fluids; apple-pie up the breadth afterwards with soap or booze wipes to abate their likelihood of infection.
Transmission assay & blockage ancestors belief & misinformation
Is it accurate adolescent bodies with coronavirus are additionally accepting claret clots and strokes?
Yes, some adolescent adults accept suffered acclamation afterwards accepting coronavirus.
“The virus seems to be causing added array in the ample arteries, arch to astringent stroke,” said Dr. Thomas Oxley, a neurosurgeon at Mount Sinai Bloom Arrangement in New York.
“Most of these patients accept no accomplished medical history and were at home with either balmy affection (or in two cases, no symptoms) of Covid.”
Family work/life schools/education
How can I breach safe in an elevator?
Doctors say accepting vaccinated is the best way to anticipate coronavirus infection.
If you’re not vaccinated, it’s best to booty the stairs if you can. But if you can’t, emergency allowance physician Dr. Leana Wen offers several tips:
transmission work/life assay & prevention
How safe are accessible restrooms?
For those not actually vaccinated, try to abstain accessible restrooms if you can, said microbiologist Ali Nouri, admiral of the Federation of American Scientists. But he accustomed that’s not consistently possible: “Sometimes aback you gotta go, you gotta go.”
Close acquaintance with others is the best cogent accident in a accessible restroom, Nouri said. So if there’s a single-person bath accessible that doesn’t accept assorted stalls, application that adeptness be best.
If you do use a multi-stall accessible restroom, Nouri offers the afterwards tips:
Transmission assay & blockage work/life
Is duke sanitizer as able as soap and baptize in killing coronavirus?
Yes — as continued as you use the adapted affectionate of sanitizer and use it correctly.
Hand sanitizers “need to accept at atomic 60% booze in them,” said Dr. William Schaffner, abettor of bactericide anesthetic and communicable ache at Vanderbilt University Academy of Medicine.
And don’t aloof put a little atom in your duke and apply it about quickly.
“You’ve got to use abundant and get it all over the surfaces,” Schaffner said. “Rub it all over your hands, amid your fingers and on the aback of your hands.”
But it’s consistently bigger to thoroughly ablution your hands, if you’re able to.
“Alcohol is appealing able at killing germs, but it doesn’t ablution abroad stuff,” said Dr. John Williams, a virologist at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh.
“If somebody’s aloof sneezed into their hand, and their duke is covered with mucus, they would accept to use a lot added booze to inactivate that bacilli or virus.”
Schools/education assay & blockage work/life manual family
When are bodies with coronavirus best contagious?
“People can be catching afterwards symptoms. And in actuality – a little bit abnormally in this case — bodies tend to be the best catching afore they advance symptoms, if they’re activity to advance symptoms,” CNN Arch Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said.
“They alarm that the pre-symptomatic period. So bodies tend to accept added virus at that point acutely in their nose, in their mouth. This is alike afore they get sick. And they can be address that virus into the environment.”
Some bodies adulterated with coronavirus never get symptoms. But it’s accessible for these asymptomatic carriers to affect others, said Anne Rimoin, an epidemiology abettor at UCLA’s Academy of Accessible Health.
“When you speak, sometimes you’ll discharge a little bit,” she said. “You’ll rub your nose. You’ll draft your mouth. You’ll rub your eyes.”
Health admiral suggests bodies abrasion face masks while in accessible and aback it’s difficult to breach 6 all-overs abroad from others.
Transmission assay & blockage belief & misinformation
Are some claret types able to action coronavirus bigger than added claret types?
A abstraction arise in The New England Annual of Anesthetic begin that bodies with Blazon A claret accept a academy accident of accepting adulterated with coronavirus and developing astringent symptoms, while bodies with Blazon O claret accept a lower accident – but the abstraction has caveats.
The advisers cannot say if claret blazon is a complete annual of the differences in susceptibility. It could be that abiogenetic changes that affect someone’s accident additionally aloof arise to be affiliated with claret type, they said.
The study’s findings, while plausible, may beggarly absolute little for the boilerplate person, said Dr. Roy Silverstein, a hematologist and administrator of the administering of anesthetic at the Medical Academy of Wisconsin.
“The complete aberration in accident is absolute small,” he said. “The accident abridgement may be statistically significant, but it is a babyish change in absolute risk. You never would acquaint somebody who was Blazon O that they were at abate accident of infection.”
The basal line: “All of us are affected to this virus,” said Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove, abstruse advance for the Apple Bloom Organization’s Covid-19 response.
Treatment & blockage belief & misinformation
What’s the accident of accepting a maid account arise to apple-pie your abode if you’re not home?
“It’s apparently safe if you’re not at home,” emergency physician Dr. Leana Wen said. She adapted abrogation the windows accessible to advance blast and allurement the cleaners to use your own charwoman aliment so they don’t accompany items that accept been in added people’s houses.
transmission work/life assay & blockage family
Can I antisepticize my affectation by putting it in the microwave?
That’s “not a abundant idea,” said Dr. Joseph Vinetz, a abettor of communicable diseases at Yale Academy of Medicine. “We accept no affirmation about that.”
“If there’s a metal allotment in an N95 or surgical affectation and alike staples, you can’t bake them,” he said. “It’ll draft up.”
To antisepticize masks that you can’t wash, Vinetz recommends abrogation them in a clean, safe abode in your home for a few days. Afterwards that, it should no best be infectious, as this coronavirus is accepted to survive on adamantine surfaces for abandoned up to three days.
treatment & blockage work/life belief & misinformation
Is it safe to accomplish CPR on a stranger?
Doctors acerb acclaim assuming CPR aback accession needs it.
You could be hundreds of times added acceptable to save that dying person’s activity than you are to die from Covid-19 if you arrangement it afterwards assuming CPR, according to a address arise by a accumulation of Seattle emergency allowance physicians in the annual Circulation.
But it’s important to act bound for CPR to be effective.
“The adventitious of adaptation goes bottomward by 10% for every minute afterwards CPR,” said Dr. Comilla Sasson, carnality admiral for science and addition in emergency cardiovascular affliction at the American Affection Association. “It’s a 10-minute window to afterlife in abounding cases.”
If you’re not certified in CPR, assuming chest compressions could additionally buy added time until admonition arrives. Bystanders should “provide high-quality chest compressions by blame adamantine and fast in the average of the victim’s chest, with basal interruptions,” the American Affection Association said.
If you’re not abiding how “fast” to do to those chest compressions, singing any of these accepted songs will admonition you get the adapted rhythm.
Transmission work/life ancestors belief & misinformation
Can I get coronavirus from pond in accessible water, like in a basin or seawater? What about in a accessible basin or hot tub?
It’s not the baptize you charge to anguish about. It’s how abutting you adeptness get to added people.
“Properly maintained basin baptize will not be a antecedent of advance of the virus. The chlorine that’s in it will inactivate the virus adequately quickly,” immunologist Erin Bromage said.
“The akin of concoction that would arise in a basin or an ocean or a ample freshwater anatomy would not advance to abundant virus to authorize an infection. But aback you do this, you charge to aloof accomplish abiding that we’re advancement an adapted concrete ambit while pond or sitting in a hot tub.”
That’s because it’s accessible for adulterated bodies with no affection to advance the virus if they’re aural 6 all-overs from anniversary other. If you accept an calm basin or hot tub, alike 6 all-overs adeptness not be abundant distance.
Transmission ancestors biking assay & blockage work/life
I saw added countries spraying bottomward sidewalks and added accessible places with disinfectant. Why haven’t we done that in the US?
Randomly spraying accessible places is abundantly a decay of time, bloom experts say.
It can actually do added corruption than good. “Spraying disinfectants can aftereffect in risks to the eyes, respiratory or bark irritation,” the Apple Bloom Organization said.
“Spraying or fumigation of alfresco spaces, such as streets or marketplaces, is additionally not recommended to annihilate the COVID-19 virus or added bacilli because antibacterial is inactivated by clay and debris, and it is not achievable to manually apple-pie and abolish all amoebic bulk from such spaces,” the WHO said.
“Moreover, spraying absorptive surfaces, such as sidewalks and unpaved walkways, would be alike beneath effective.” Besides, the arena isn’t about a antecedent of infection, the WHO said.
And already the antibacterial wears off, an adulterated actuality could calmly alloy the apparent again.
Treatment & blockage belief & misinformation biking transmission
Can protests admission the advance of Covid-19?
Any ample acquisition can admission the advance because this coronavirus is catching by talking or alike aloof breathing. Carriers of the virus can be catching alike if they don’t accept symptoms.
And aback bodies are “shouting and auspicious loudly, that does aftermath a lot of aerosol and aerosolization that can advance the virus to people,” said Dr. James Phillips, a physician and abettor assistant at George Washington University Hospital.
So doctors and admiral say its important to get vaccinated or abrasion a face affectation and try to accumulate your ambit from others as abundant as possible.
Transmission assay & blockage work/life
Do vitamin D levels affect your accident for coronavirus? Is there a alternation amid vitamin D and those who assay complete for Covid-19?
“To date, there is no affirmation that absolute aerial vitamin D levels are accurate adjoin COVID-19 and appropriately medical admonition is that bodies should not be addition their vitamin D levels aloft those which are currently recommended by arise medical advice,” wrote Robin May, administrator of the Institute of Microbiology and Infection at the University of Birmingham in the UK.
Vitamin D is important for advantageous muscles, able basic and a able accustomed system. The recommended circadian dosage of vitamin D for anyone over age 1 is 15 mcg/600 IU per day in the US. For anyone over 70 years of age in the US, the recommended circadian assimilation goes up to 20 mcg/800 IU per day.
But too abundant vitamin D can advance to a baneful accretion of calcium in your claret that can annual confusion, disorientation, affection accent problems, cartilage pain, branch accident and aching branch stones.
Treatment & blockage belief & misinformation
Can you get coronavirus from affecting money? What about from added objects, like plants?
“Viruses can animate on surfaces and altar — including on money — although your adventitious of actually accepting COVID-19 from banknote is apparently absolute low,” emergency anesthetic physician Dr. Leana Wen said.
The new coronavirus can animate for up to 72 hours on stainless animate and plastic, up to 24 hours afterwards landing on cardboard, and up to four hours afterwards landing on copper, according to a abstraction adjourned by the US Civic Institutes of Health.
So how do you assure yourself? To abstain affecting banknote or coins, use contactless methods of acquittal whenever possible, Wen said.
If you can’t use a contactless anatomy of payment, acclaim cards and debit cards are abundant easier to apple-pie and antisepticize than cash. But bethink that anyone who touches your acclaim agenda can additionally leave bacilli on it.
If you charge use cash, “wash your calmly able-bodied with soap and water” afterward, Wen said.
The aforementioned applies for annihilation abroad you draft that adeptness accept coronavirus on it. If you can’t ablution your calmly immediately, use duke sanitzier or disinfectant.
And aback Covid-19 is a respiratory disease, accomplish abiding you abstain affecting your face.
Transmission work/life assay & prevention
Can UV ablaze annihilate coronavirus?
While some UV ablaze accessories are acclimated for hospital disinfection, UV ablaze abandoned kills bacilli beneath absolute specific altitude — including assertive betterment dosages and acknowledgment times, the Apple Bloom Organization said.
But UV ablaze can additionally accident the body.
Two factors are adapted for UV ablaze to abort a virus: acuteness and time. If the ablaze is acute abundant to breach afar a virus in a abbreviate time, it’s activity to be alarming to people, said Donald Milton, a abettor at the University of Maryland.
UVA and UVB ablaze both accident the skin. UVC ablaze is safer for skin, but it will accident breakable tissue such as the eyes.
Myths & misinformation assay & prevention
Do I charge to ablution fruits and vegetables with soap and water?
Treatment & blockage work/life transmission
Can coronavirus breach in my bristles or in a beard? Should I ablution my bristles every day?
Coronavirus can stick to hair, said Dr. David Aronoff, administrator of the Division of Communicable Diseases at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
Touching attenuated bristles and afresh affecting your mouth, eyes or adenoids could admission your accident of infection. “Like on the skin, this coronavirus is a brief commuter that can be removed by washing,” Aronoff said.
But that doesn’t beggarly you accept to ablution the bristles on your arch assorted times a day, said dermatologist Dr. Hadley King.
That’s because “living bristles absorbed to our scalps may be bigger able by our accustomed oils that accept some antimicrobial backdrop and may complete how able-bodied bacilli can attach to the hair,” she said.
“If you are activity out into areas that could possibly be attenuated with viral particles, afresh it would be reasonable to ablution the bristles circadian during the pandemic. But it’s not the aforementioned as duke abrasion – the virus infects us through our mucosal surfaces. If your bristles is not falling into your face or you’re not active your fingers through it, afresh there is beneath of a risk.”
If your bristles does abatement into your face, you may appetite to cull it aback to abbreviate your risk, King said.
As for facial hair, “washing at atomic circadian if not added frequently is wise, depending on how about they draft their face,” Aronoff said.
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Could I affect my pets with coronavirus, or carnality versa? Can accession get adulterated by affecting an animal’s fur? Should I get my pet activated for coronavirus?
There accept been some belletrist of animals adulterated with coronavirus — including two pets in New York and eight big bodies at the Bronx Zoo.
Most of those infections came from acquaintance with bodies who had coronavirus, like a zoo agent who was an asymptomatic carrier.
But according to the CDC, there is no affirmation animals comedy a cogent role in overextension the virus to humans. Therefore, at this time, accepted testing of animals for Covid-19 is not recommended.
As always, it’s best to ablution your calmly afterwards affecting an animal’s fur and afore affecting your face. And if your pet appears to be sick, alarm your veterinarian.
Family work/life assay & blockage transmission
Should I ablution my calmly and laundry in absolute balmy or hot water?
Hot baptize is best for killing bacilli and bacilli in your laundry. But you don’t appetite to use that affectionate of baking hot baptize on your skin.
Warm baptize is altogether accomplished for abrasion your calmly — as continued as you ablution them thoroughly (like this) and for at atomic 20 seconds. (To time yourself, you can hum the “Happy Birthday” song alert or sing a brace of verses from any of these hit songs from the accomplished several decades.)
Cold baptize will additionally work, “but you accept to accomplish abiding you assignment actually agilely to get a cream and get aggregate bubbling and bubbly,” said chemist Bill Wuest, an accessory abettor at Emory University. To do that, you adeptness charge to sing “Happy Birthday” three times instead of twice.
“Warm baptize with soap gets a abundant bigger cream – added bubbles,” Wuest said. “It’s an adumbration that the soap is … aggravating to abbreviate the clay and the bacilli and the bacilli in them.”
Treatment & blockage work/life manual belief & misinformation
How does soap annihilate coronavirus? If I don’t accept disinfecting wipes, can I use soap and baptize on surfaces?
Yes, you can use soap and baptize on surfaces aloof like you would on your calmly to annihilate coronavirus. But don’t use baptize abandoned — that won’t actually help.
The alien band of the virus is fabricated up of lipids, aka fat. Your ambition is to breach through that blubbery barrier, banishment the virus’ audacity to discharge out and apprehension it dead.
In added words, brainstorm coronavirus is a adulate basin that you’re aggravating to clean.
“You try to ablution your adulate basin with baptize alone, but that adulate is not advancing off the dish,” said Dr. John Williams, arch of pediatric communicable diseases at UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh.
“You charge some soap to deliquesce grease. So soap or booze are very, absolute able adjoin abandoning that anointed aqueous blanket of the virus.”
By acerbic through the anointed barrier, Williams said, “it physically inactivates the virus so it can’t bind to and access animal beef anymore.”
Work/life manual assay & blockage schools/education
Can coronavirus be transferred by people’s shoes? How do I assure kids who clamber or comedy on the floor?
Yes, coronavirus can animate on the soles of shoes, but the accident of accepting Covid-19 from shoes appears to be low.
A address arise by the CDC accent a abstraction from a hospital in Wuhan, China, breadth this coronavirus beginning began.
The soles of medical workers’ shoes were anointed and analyzed, and the abstraction begin that the virus was “widely distributed” on floors, computer mice, debris cans and aperture knobs. But it’s important to agenda the abstraction was done in a hospital, breadth the virus was concentrated.
It’s still accessible to aces up coronavirus on the cheers of your shoes by active errands, but it’s absurd you’ll get ailing from it because bodies don’t about draft the soles of their shoes and afresh their faces. Because Covid-19 is a respiratory disease, the CDC advises acerbic a affectation while in accessible and abrasion your calmly frequently– the actual way.
If you accept babyish accouchement who clamber or consistently draft the floor, it’s a acceptable abstraction to booty your shoes off as anon you get home to anticipate coronavirus or bacilli from overextension on the floors.
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Can I get coronavirus through food? Is it safe to eat takeout from restaurants?
There’s no affirmation that coronavirus can be transmitted through food, the CDC says.
Even if coronavirus does get into your food, your abdomen acerbic would annihilate it, said Dr. Angela Rasmussen, a virologist at Columbia University.
“When you eat any affectionate of food, whether it be hot or cold, that aliment is activity to go beeline bottomward into your stomach, breadth there’s a aerial acidity, low-pH ambiance that will inactivate the virus,” she said.
But it’s a acceptable abstraction to antisepticize the takeout containers, CNN Arch Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said. Coronavirus is a respiratory virus, and it’s accessible to draft your face afterwards acumen it.
If you don’t accept disinfecting wipes, use your own plates or bowls to serve the food. Aloof accomplish abiding to ablution your calmly afterwards appointment aliment from the containers.
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Can coronavirus advance through water, like in a pond basin or hot tub?
“There is no affirmation that COVID-19 can be advance to bodies through the use of pools and hot tubs,” the CDC says.
“Proper operation, maintenance, and ablution (e.g., with chlorine and bromine) of pools and hot tubs should abolish or inactivate the virus that causes COVID-19.”
But bloom admiral still admonish blockage at atomic 6 all-overs abroad from others because COVID-19 is a respiratory disease. In added words, you apparently won’t get coronavirus from the water, but you could get coronavirus from accession abutting to you in the water.
As for bubbler water, doctors say you don’t charge to anguish about coronavirus in the tap baptize because best borough bubbler baptize systems should abolish or inactivate the virus.
Can mosquitoes or houseflies address coronavirus?
“To date there has been no admonition nor affirmation to advance that the new coronavirus could be transmitted by mosquitoes,” the Apple Bloom Organization says. There’s additionally no affirmation so far suggesting flies can advance coronavirus.
Transmission belief & misinformation
Will ingesting or injecting disinfectants, like the ones that annihilate bacilli on surfaces, assure me adjoin coronavirus or annihilate coronavirus if I already accept it?
Myths & misinformation assay & blockage work/life
Can coronavirus stick to clothes? Do I charge to ablution my clothes adapted afterwards encountering added people, like at the grocery abundance or while jogging?
“I don’t anticipate you charge to,” CNN Arch Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said.
Coronavirus can breach animate for up to three canicule on stainless animate and plastic. But accouterment “is apparently added like agenda — it’s added absorbent, so the virus is absurd to breach and aftermost that long,” Gupta said.
While coronavirus can breach animate on agenda for up to 24 hours, bacilli about don’t stick able-bodied on surfaces that are in motion.
“If you attending at how bacilli move through air, they affectionate of appetite to move about objects,” Gupta said. “They don’t appetite to necessarily acreage on objects. So if you’re affective as animal anatomy through the air … (it’s) absurd to stick to your clothes.”
Transmission work/life ancestors assay & prevention
Will an antibacterial assay appearance whether I’m accustomed and can go aback to assignment or school?
Work/life assay & blockage manual schools/education
Can I use vodka as duke sanitizer?
Please don’t. The CDC advises application duke sanitizer that contains at atomic 60% alcohol.
Vodka about contains amid 35% and 46% percent alcohol.
If the aliment are out of duke sanitizer and you appetite to accomplish your own, the Nebraska Medical Center offers this recipe:
What you’ll need:
Directions:In a bond bowl, activity isopropyl booze and aloe vera gel calm until able-bodied blended.Add 8-10 drops of ambrosial capital oil (optional, but nice). Stir.Pour the bootleg duke sanitizer into an abandoned alembic and seal. Address “hand sanitizer” on a allotment of appearance band and attach to the bottle.
Myths & misinformation assay & prevention
Are smokers or vapers at academy risk? What if I abandoned smoke weed?
This is not a acceptable time to be vaping or smoker anything, including weed.
“Vaping affects your lungs at every level. It affects the accustomed action in your nasal atrium by affecting cilia, which advance adopted things out,” said Prof. Stanton Glantz, administrator of the Center for Tobacco Assay Ascendancy and Education at University of California San Francisco.
When you vape, “the adeptness of your aerial airways to bright bacilli is compromised,” Glantz said.
Tobacco smokers are at abnormally aerial risk. In a abstraction from China, breadth the aboriginal Covid-19 beginning occurred, smokers were 14 times added acceptable to advance astringent complications than non-smokers.
Even occasionally smoker marijuana can put you at greater risk.
“What happens to your airways aback you smoke cannabis is that it causes some bulk of inflammation, absolute agnate to bronchitis, absolute agnate to the blazon of deepening that cigarette smoker can cause,” said pulmonologist Dr. Albert Rizzo, arch medical administrator for the American Lung Association.
“Now you accept some airway inflammation, and you get an infection on top of it. So yes, your adventitious of accepting added complications is there.”
Work/life ancestors assay & prevention
My teenagers aren’t demography this seriously. Any advice?
Coronavirus isn’t aloof infecting adolescent people. It’s killing young, advantageous bodies as well.
We’ve arise abounding belief about adolescent bodies accepting acutely ailing with or dying from coronavirus.
Dimitri Mitchell, 18, admits he had a “false faculty of security.” But he was afterwards ailing with coronavirus and now wants anybody to booty it seriously.
“I aloof appetite to accomplish abiding everybody knows that no bulk what their age is, it can actively affect them. And it can actively blend them up, like it messed me up,” the Iowa boyhood said.
“Four canicule in, the actually bad affection started advancing along. I started accepting actually bad outbreaks, like sweating, and my eyes were actually watery. I was accepting warmer and warmer, and I was cool fatigued. … I would alpha experiencing the affliction headaches I’ve anytime acquainted in my life. They were actually horrible.”
Eventually, the boyhood had to be hospitalized. His mother said she abashed he adeptness “fall comatose and never deathwatch up.”
Mitchell is now recovering, but has suffered from abiding effects.
“I aloof achievement everybody’s responsible, because it’s annihilation to antic about,” he said. “It’s a absolute problem, and I appetite everybody to accomplish abiding they’re afterwards amusing breach guidelines and the accumulation limits. And aloof accept to all the rules and precautions and breach up to date with the account and accomplish abiding they’re informed.”
Family manual assay & blockage belief & misinformation schools/education
Does this communicable accept annihilation to do with the 5G network?
No. That’s aloof a hoax activity about the internet.
“The approach that 5G adeptness accommodation the accustomed arrangement and appropriately accredit bodies to get ailing from candelabrum is based on nothing,” said Eric van Rongen, administrator of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Aegis (ICNIRP).
Learn added about how 5G actually works and why this hoax makes no sense.
Myths & misinformation
My ex and I accept collective aegis of our kids. Is it safe for them to go amid two homes?
Ideally, you should complete your children’s abeyant exposures to coronavirus and assignment out the safest plan accessible with your ex.
The problem: Some accompaniment and canton ancestors courts adeptness be closed, or accessible abandoned for emergencies involving corruption or endangerment. So it adeptness be difficult to formally adapt above-mentioned aegis agreements.
But some states may be alms some adaptability during the pandemic. And there may be artistic solutions, such as spending added time with one ancestor now in barter for added time with the added ancestor afterwards the communicable ends.
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How continued does coronavirus breach “alive” on surfaces?
Up to three days, depending on the surface. According to a abstraction adjourned by the US Civic Institutes of Health:
Will a pneumonia or flu vaccine admonition assure adjoin coronavirus?
Some cases of coronavirus do advance to pneumonia. But the pneumonia vaccine won’t help.
“Vaccines adjoin pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus affliction blazon B (Hib) vaccine, abandoned admonition assure bodies from these specific bacterial infections,” according to Harvard Medical School.
“They do not assure adjoin any coronavirus pneumonia.”
Transmission belief & misinformation assay & blockage vaccine
Why accept medical workers gotten ailing with or died from coronavirus if they’re acerbic accurate gear? Does the viral bulk matter?
In some cases, bloom affliction workers haven’t had abundant accurate accessory to handle the aggregate of Covid-19 patients.
Some accept resorted to application artificial address covers as masks. The CDC said medical providers adeptness accept to use comatose masks or reclaim them amid assorted patients.
But it’s not aloof subpar accurate accessory that puts medical workers at risk. It’s additionally the bulk of virus they’re credible to.
“The viral bulk — the bulk of virus – does actuate the severity of your illness,” emergency anesthetic physician Dr. Leana Wen said. “So that could arise in the case of bloom affliction workers who are credible to a lot added Covid-19 as a aftereffect of their assignment — that they get added acutely ill.”
How abounding bodies with coronavirus don’t accept symptoms? Are they still contagious?
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How do I cautiously booty affliction of accession who’s sick?
It may be difficult to apperceive whether your admired one has coronavirus or accession illness. So it’s analytical to comedy it safe and not affect yourself and, in turn, others. The CDC suggests:
What are the symptoms?
Fatigue, fever, dry cough, adversity animation and the accident of aftertaste or aroma are some of the affection of Covid-19.
Symptoms can arise anywhere from 2 canicule to 2 weeks afterwards exposure, the CDC says. But some bodies get no affection at all and can affect others afterwards alive it.
The affliction varies in its severity. And while abounding bodies can balance at home aloof fine, some — including young, ahead advantageous adults — are adversity abiding symptoms.
What can I do if my admired one thinks he or she has coronavirus?
Don’t appointment ancestors associates with doubtable affliction – affix with them virtually. If that actuality lives with you, complete acquaintance with them and abstain application the aforementioned bath or bedchamber if possible, the CDC advises.
If the actuality been diagnosed, he or she adeptness be able to balance at home in isolation. Abstracted yourself as abundant as accessible from your adulterated ancestors affiliate and accumulate animals away, too. Abide to use abstracted restrooms and consistently antisepticize them.
Stock up on advantage and domiciliary aliment for them while they can’t biking alfresco and abbreviate trips to stores. Ablution your calmly frequently and abstain administering claimed items with the adulterated person.
If you anticipate you’re developing symptoms, breach home and alarm your physician.
The aliment are out of antibacterial sprays and duke sanitizer. Can I accomplish my own?
Yes, you can accomplish both at home.
“Unexpired domiciliary achromatize will be able adjoin coronaviruses aback appropriately diluted” if you’re aggravating to annihilate coronavirus on a non-porous surface, the CDC said.
The CDC’s compound calls for diluting 5 tablespoons (or ⅓ cup) of achromatize per gallon of water, or 4 teaspoons of achromatize per quart of water.
You can additionally accomplish your own duke sanitizer. The Nebraska Medical Center – acclaimed for its biocontainment assemblage and assay of Ebola patients – offers this recipe:
What you’ll need:
Directions:In a bond bowl, activity isopropyl booze and aloe vera gel calm until able-bodied blended.Add 8-10 drops of ambrosial capital oil (optional, but nice). Stir.Pour the bootleg duke sanitizer into an abandoned alembic and seal.Write “hand sanitizer” on a allotment of appearance band and attach to the bottle.
Work/life Assay & Prevention
Can I be accursed if I breach home sick?
An agent can be accursed if they don’t appearance up to assignment and don’t accept ailing leave that would awning the absence, says Krista Slosburg, an application advocate at Stokes Lawrence in Seattle.
But there are exceptions. Employers who accomplish workers with Covid-19 arise in may be actionable Occupational Assurance and Bloom Administering [OSHA] regulations, said Donna Ballman, who active an agent advancement law close in Florida.
What happens aback workers don’t get paid ailing leave?
If you assignment in a burghal or accompaniment that requires ailing leave and you use it, you can‘t be concluded or disciplined.
But there is no federal authorization that requires companies to action paid ailing leave, and about a division of all US workers don’t get it, according to 2019 government data. Some accompaniment and bounded governments accept anesthetized laws that crave companies to action paid ailing leave.
The Ancestors and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) can sometimes assure a worker’s job in the accident they get sick, but it won’t agreement they get paid while they’re out.
Employee advocates appetite businesses to accede the appropriate affairs of the Covid-19, and some already have
Can managers accelerate a ailing artisan home?
Yes, managers can.
The Association for Animal Resource Management recommends companies “actively animate ailing advisers to breach home, accelerate adapted advisers home until they are able to acknowledgment to assignment safely, and crave advisers abiding from high-risk areas to telework during the evolution aeon (of 14 days).”
If a administrator feels an employee’s affliction poses a complete blackmail to colleagues’ safety, the administrator may be able to assert the agent be evaluated by a doctor, said Alka Ramchandani-Raj, an advocate specializing in abode safety.
If traveling on a plane, how do I breach safe?
Since Covid-19 is a respiratory disease, abounding airlines crave cartage to abrasion face masks during the flight, except for while bistro or drinking.
Health experts advance eating, bubbler and application the bath afore accepting on the plane, to annihilate the charge to booty off your affectation or go into a awkward bathroom on board.
And consistently be alert of breadth your calmly accept been, biking anesthetic specialist Dr. Richard Dawood said.
Airport handrails, aperture handles and aeroplane bathroom levers are awfully dirty.
“It is OK to draft these things as continued as you afresh ablution or acquit your calmly afore communicable your face, affecting or administering food,” Dawood said.
“Hand sanitizers are great. So are antibacterial duke wipes, which you can additionally use to clean bottomward armrests, alien controls at your bench and your tray table.”
Travel ancestors work/life
Should I aerosol myself or my kids with disinfectant?
No. Those articles assignment on surfaces but can be alarming to your body.
There are some actinic disinfectants, including bleach, 75% ethanol, peracetic acerbic and chloroform, that may annihilate the virus on surfaces.
But if the virus is already in your body, putting those substances on your bark or beneath your adenoids won’t annihilate it, the Apple Bloom Organization says. And those chemicals can corruption you.
Treatment & Blockage belief & misinformation
I’ve heard that home remedies can cure or anticipate the virus. Is that true?
There’s no affirmation from the beginning that bistro garlic, sipping baptize every 15 account or demography vitamin C will assure bodies from the new coronavirus. Aforementioned goes for application capital oils or colloidal silver.
Treatment & blockage belief & misinformation
Why was the US been so far abaft added countries with testing?
Experts said cuts in federal allotment for accessible bloom and problems with aboriginal testing affected the US to comedy catch-up.
Problems with accessible bloom infrastructure: Two years ago, the CDC chock-full allotment catching blockage activities in 39 countries, including China. This happened because the Trump administering banned to admeasure money to a affairs that started during the 2014 Ebola outbreak.
Former CDC administrator Dr. Tom Frieden warned that move “would decidedly admission the adventitious an catching will advance afterwards our ability and endanger lives in our country and about the world.”
Problems with the testing: Malfunctions, shortages and delays in availability accept all contributed to the slowdown.
In the aboriginal few weeks of the beginning in the US, the CDC was the abandoned ability in the country that could affirm assay after-effects — alike admitting a Apple Bloom Organization assay became accessible about the aforementioned time.
Some assay kits that were beatific about the country were awry — a move that put the US abaft about “four to bristles weeks,” says Dr. Rob Davidson, controlling administrator of the Lath to Assure Medicare.
Treatment & Prevention
If a coronavirus accommodating gets pneumonia, what antibiotics accept accurate to be effective?
No antibiotics are able adjoin Covid-19 because the ache is acquired by a viral infection, not a bacterial infection.
“However, if you are ailing for the [coronavirus], you may accept antibiotics because bacterial co-infection is possible,” the Apple Bloom Organization says.
There is no accepted cure for the atypical coronavirus.
Treatment & Prevention
Did Administrator Koontz adumbrate this beginning in the book “The Eyes of Darkness” about 40 years ago?
No. There are some absorbing coincidences in the 1981 fiction novel, which says “a astringent pneumonia-like affliction will advance about the globe” about the year 2020. Avant-garde editions of the book alarm the biological ache “Wuhan-400,” and the accepted coronavirus beginning started in Wuhan, China.
But there are important differences amid the book and reality. The aboriginal adaptation of the book alleged the ache the “Gorki-400,” in advertence to a Russian locality, afore it was afterwards afflicted to the “Wuhan-400.” In the book, the virus was man-made, while scientists accept the atypical coronavirus started in animals and jumped to humans. And in the book, the virus had a 100% bloodshed rate. Aboriginal estimates of the bloodshed bulk for this coronavirus beginning ambit from 2-4%.
myths & misinformation
Can I get coronavirus from a amalgamation beatific from China?
No. “The new coronavirus cannot be transmitted through appurtenances bogus in China or any country advertisement Covid-19 cases,” the Apple Bloom Organization says.
“Even admitting the new coronavirus can breach on surfaces for a few hours or up to several canicule (depending on the blazon of surface), it is absolute absurd that the virus will abide on a apparent afterwards actuality moved, travelled, and credible to altered altitude and temperatures,” WHO said.
Myths & misinformation transmission
Can the calefaction from a duke dryer annihilate coronavirus?
Hand dryers can’t annihilate the virus, the Apple Bloom Organization said.
WHO additionally said UV lamps shouldn’t be acclimated to alter calmly or added areas of the anatomy because the radiation can abrade skin.
Myths & misinformation
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